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Headword: *klea/nqhs
Adler number: kappa,1711
Translated headword: Kleanthes, Cleanthes
Vetting Status: high
Known as Kassios; son of Phanias; from Assos;[1] pupil of Krates[2] and later of Zeno,[3] whose successor he became. He was mentor of the philosopher Chrysippus of Soloi[4] and of Antigonos the king.[5] This man was at first a boxer,[6] but after he had gone to Athens he fell in love with philosophy and became so hard-working that he was even called a second Herakles. For having no means of supporting himself, at nights he used to draw water for pay and during the day he worked at his studies and his books. Hence he got the nickname "Phreantles".[7] He wrote a lot of works.[8]
Greek Original:
*klea/nqhs, o( *ka/ssios xrhmati/sas, *fani/ou, *)/assios, maqhth\s *kra/thtos, ei)=ta *zh/nwnos, ou(= kai\ dia/doxos ge/gone: dida/skalos de\ tou= filoso/fou *xrusi/ppou, tou= *sole/ws, kai\ *)antigo/nou tou= basile/ws. ou(=tos pro/teron h)=n pu/kths, e)lqw\n de\ ei)s *)aqh/nas h)ra/sqh filosofi/as kai\ tosou=ton ge/gone filo/ponos, w(s kai\ deu/teros *(hraklh=s klhqh=nai. mh\ e)/xwn ga\r o(/qen trafei/h, ta\s me\n nu/ktas h)/ntlei u(/dwr misqw=| kai\ meq' h(me/ran toi=s maqh/masi kai\ toi=s bibli/ois e)sxo/lazen: o(/qen e)pwnoma/sqh kai\ *frea/ntlhs. e)/graye de\ pa/nu polla/.
331-232 BCE. See generally OCD(4) s.v. Cleanthes. He guided the Stoic school after Zeno's death (263-232) and was Chrysippus' master. He is often said to have created few original doctrines, but he supports with fervor the teachings of Zeno, especially his belief that Universe is a living entity and God is the revitalizing principle of the Universe.
[1] An ancient city on the coast of the Troad (present-day NW Turkey).
[2] Krates (c.365-285) was a Theban. In Athens he followed the Cynic Diogenes' model and abandoned all his wealth. He inaugurated the model of wandering cynic philosopher which became particularly popularized in the C2 CE. See further at kappa 2341.
[3] cf. zeta 79.
[4] cf. chi 569.
[5] Antigonus II Gonatas of Macedon (d. 239 BCE).
[6] Metaphors about boxing are usual in some areas of Stoic doctrine, i.e. the description of diathetical system of the Greek verb where the basic opposition is active voice - passive voice, called o)rqh/ 'upright' and u(pti/a 'fallen'. According to the Heliodorean commentary on Dionysius Thrax's Techne grammatike (GG I,3, 401,1), this denomination implies a metaphor abour boxing, which could have originated in Kleanthes' former occupation.
[7] cf. phi 696. It is a play on the word fre/ar 'reservoir', 'the one who draws from a well'. Compare Diogenes Laertius 7.168.
[9] He wrote more than fifty works, from which we have only a few fragments; the most important is the Hymn to Zeus. The main fragments are preserved in Diogenes Laertius and Stobaeus, together with Cicero and Seneca.
W.W. Tarn, Antigonos Gonatas (1913, reprinted 1969)
M.H. Chambers, "The First Regnal Year of Antigonus," American Journal of Philology 75 (1954) 385-394
Hans von Arnim, Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta (4 vols., 1905-24)
Max Pohlenz, Die Stoa (2 vols., 1948-49)
Keywords: athletics; biography; chronology; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; geography; imagery; mythology; philosophy
Translated by: Claudia Mársico on 17 October 2000@09:24:29.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and translation; other cosmetics) on 17 October 2000@09:53:10.
Marcelo Boeri (Cosmetics.) on 4 November 2000@15:26:00.
David Whitehead (added keywords; restorative and other cosmetics) on 25 September 2002@05:13:44.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 27 February 2013@07:39:42.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmetics) on 1 March 2013@00:22:40.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 4 August 2014@06:53:57.
Catharine Roth (tweaks and coding, more keywords) on 31 August 2019@23:57:49.


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