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Headword: *kaki/a
Adler number: kappa,150
Translated headword: vice, evil
Vetting Status: high
Vices are analogous to virtues. Some [vices] are primary, others - such as imprudence, cowardice, injustice, intemperance, incontinence, slowness of understanding, ill-advisedness - are subordinated to these.[1] Vices are [part] of ignorance.[2] [This embraces] both things that share in the vices, the actions which are performed in accordance with vice, and the base people [themselves]; and the byproducts [are] despair, folly and the like.
Search under [the entry] 'virtue'.[3]
But evil in the Apostle is the eagerness to do harm to one's neighbor.[4]
Greek Original:
*kaki/a: a)na/logon tai=s a)retai=s ai( kaki/ai. ai( me/n ei)si prw=tai, ai( de\ u(po\ tau/tas: oi(=on a)frosu/nh, deili/a, a)diki/a, a)kolasi/a, a)krasi/a, bradu/noia, kakobouli/a. ei)si\ de\ a)gnoi/as ai( kaki/ai. ta\ de\ mete/xonta tw=n kakiw=n, ai(/ te pra/ceis ai( kata\ kaki/an, kai\ oi( fau=loi: e)pigennh/mata de\ dusqumi/a, dusfrosu/nh, kai\ ta\ o(/moia. zh/tei e)n tw=| a)reth/. *kaki/a de/ e)stin h( tou= kakw=sai to\n pe/las spoudh\ para\ tw=| *)aposto/lw|.
Stoic doctrine from Diogenes Laertius 7.93 & 95
[1] For this distinction see (besides Diog. Laert.) Stobaeus, Eclogae 2.58.14 - 59.3 (ed. Wachsmuth).
[2] For the Socratic antecedent of this position (i.e. that vices are proper to or belong to ignorance or, rather, they are ignorance) see Plato, Meno 77B-78B; Gorgias 460B-D, 488A; Protagoras 352C, 355A-358A, 360D, and the Diogenes Laertius and Stobaeus passages quoted above.
[3] alpha 3830.
[4] From commentary on Ep.Romans 1.29; see the note at phi 508.
Keywords: Christianity; definition; ethics; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 13 June 2000@08:42:35.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 20 September 2002@08:37:06.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 10 October 2005@09:02:14.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 8 March 2008@01:02:46.
David Whitehead (tweaked n.4) on 10 October 2011@07:41:11.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 10 October 2011@18:59:04.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 22 January 2013@09:59:04.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 16 March 2019@14:48:09.


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