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Headword: *kerdaleo/frwn
Adler number: kappa,1383
Translated headword: profit-minded, greedy, crafty
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning someone] willing treachery,[1] planning crooked things.
Greek Original:
*kerdaleo/frwn: dolio/boulos, skolia\ bouleuo/menos.
Same or similar entry in other lexica, including Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon (see the references at Photius kappa596 Theodoridis). and cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 1.149, where the vocative singular of the headword occurs.
The adjective kerdale/os (kappa 1382) had already shifted in Homer from "profitable" to "profit-seeking, cunning". LSJ (s.v. kerdaleo/frwn) distinguishes between the meanings "greedy of gain" in the Iliad (1.149 [above], 4.339), and "crafty" in Oppian, Cynegetica 2.29; but the distinction is artificial.
[1] This adjective, dolio/boulos, is mostly restricted to lexicographers: Hesychius, Photius, the Lexica Segueriana, and delta 1342 glossing forms of dolomh/ths; Eudemus (2 CE?) glossing a)gkulomh/ths. However Romanus the Melodist uses it to refer to the Serpent (Hymns 38.2).
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; imagery; poetry; religion
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 1 November 2008@23:54:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 2 November 2008@05:46:06.
David Whitehead on 18 February 2013@08:23:49.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 26 February 2015@07:34:30.
Catharine Roth (tweak, coding) on 27 February 2015@00:45:17.


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