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Headword: Κέκροψ
Adler number: kappa,1272
Translated headword: Kekrops, Cecrops
Vetting Status: high
An Egyptian by race who founded Athens; whence also [the term] Kekropids [for Athenians].[1] Some say he had a double form: the upper [part] of a man, and the lower [part] of a woman, though some [say] of a beast. Others [say] that he invented laws for mankind and led them out of savagery into tameness. Others [say] that when he happened upon the men [of Athens] copulating with the women, and as a result he did not know which father had which child and which child had which father, he laid down laws so that they would have sex with the women in an understandable fashion and be content with one [woman], and because he discovered, in a manner of speaking, the two natures, that of the father and that of the mother, he was appropriately called "double-natured".[2]
And in the Epigrams: "Kekropian star of the tragic muse."[3]
Greek Original:
Κέκροψ, Αἰγύπτιος ὢν τὸ γένος ᾤκησε τὰς Ἀθήνας: ὅθεν καὶ Κεκροπίδαι. τινὲς δέ φασι τοῦτον καὶ διφυῆ γεγενῆσθαι, τὰ μὲν ἄνω ἀνδρός, τὰ δὲ κάτω γυναικός: οἱ δὲ θηρίου. ἕτεροι δέ, ὅτι νόμους ἐξεῦρε τοῖς ἀνθρώποις καὶ ἀπὸ ἀγριότητος εἰς ἡμερότητα ἤγαγεν. ἄλλοι δέ, ὅτι τῶν ἀνδρῶν ὡς ἔτυχε μισγομένων ταῖς γυναιξί, καὶ ἐκ τούτου μὴ γινωσκομένου ἢ τοῦ παιδὸς παρὰ τοῦ πατρός, ἢ τοῦ πατρὸς παρὰ τοῦ παιδός, αὐτὸς νόμους θέμενος, ὥστε φανερῶς συγγίνεσθαι αὐταῖς καὶ μιᾷ στοιχεῖν, καὶ σχεδὸν εὑρὼν τὰς δύο φύσεις, τοῦ τε πατρὸς καὶ τῆς μητρός, εἰκότως διφυὴς ἐκλήθη. καὶ ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: τὸν τραγικῆς μούσης ἀστέρα Κεκρόπιον.
[1] See already kappa 1271, and for Kekrops cf. kappa 1269 and kappa 1270. Images at web addresses 1 and 2.
[2] Material from the scholia to Aristophanes, Wealth 773, where the phrase "land of Kekrops" occurs.
[3] Greek Anthology 7.21.2.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: aetiology; biography; children; comedy; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; history; imagery; law; mythology; poetry; tragedy; women; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 1 December 2000@18:28:02.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Changed word type, cosmetics, modified translation, added keyword, set status) on 2 December 2000@08:51:14.
David Whitehead (added notes and keyword; cosmetics) on 29 August 2001@04:39:53.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 14 February 2013@10:29:23.
Catharine Roth (imported links from delta 1492, cosmetics) on 14 August 2013@00:58:18.


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