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Headword: Ἰουστινιανός
Adler number: iota,446
Translated headword: Ioustinianos, Iustinianus, Justinian
Vetting Status: high
After this man had founded the [church of the] Holy Wisdom, he purified and decorated with marble the hall which was formerly the Augusteion, which is interpreted 'fishmarket';[1] and he set up an equestrian statue of himself. With his left hand he carries a sphere with a cross fixed on it, signifying that through faith in the cross he has gained dominion over the world. The sphere [represents] the earth because of its spherical shape; faith [is represented by] the cross because of God who was nailed to it in the flesh. He holds his right hand stretched out towards the east, warning the Persians to stop and not cross over into the Roman land. By extending and thrusting out his hands he proclaims, 'stop and go no further; for it will avail you nothing.'[2]
Greek Original:
Ἰουστινιανός: οὗτος κτίσας τὴν ἁγίαν Σοφίαν ἐκάθηρε τὴν αὐλὴν καὶ ἐμαρμάρωσεν αὐτήν, τὸ πρὶν οὖσαν Αὐγουστεῖον, ὁ ἑρμηνεύεται ὀψοπώλιον: καὶ ἔστησε τὴν ἑαυτοῦ εἰκόνα ἐπὶ κίονος ἔφιππον: καὶ τῇ μὲν ἀριστερᾷ χειρὶ φέρει σφαῖραν, ἐμπεπηγότος σταυροῦ ἐν αὐτῇ, ὑποσημαίνοντος, ὡς διὰ τῆς εἰς τὸν σταυρὸν πίστεως τῆς γῆς ἐγκρατὴς γέγονε: σφαῖρα μὲν γὰρ ἡ γῆ διὰ τὸ σφαιροειδὲς τοῦ αὐτῆς σχήματος, πίστις δὲ ὁ σταυρὸς διὰ τὸν ἐν αὐτῷ σαρκὶ προσηλωθέντα θεόν. τὴν δὲ δεξιὰν χεῖρα ἀνατεταμένην ἔχων κατὰ ἀνατολάς, στάσιν τῶν Περσῶν σημαίνων καὶ μὴ μεταβαίνειν ἐπὶ τῆς Ῥωμαϊκῆς γῆς, διὰ τῆς ἀνατάσεως καὶ ἀπώσεως τῶν χειρῶν βοῶν: στῆτε καὶ μὴ πρόσω χωρεῖτε: οὐ γὰρ συνοίσει ὑμῖν.
Justinian I (527-565): De Imperatoribus Romanis entry by James Allan Evans at web address 1.
[1] See already under alpha 4413, which seems to say that the Augusteion was in the fishmarket, not that its name means 'fishmarket.'
[2] ps.-Codinus, Patria Constantinopoleos 2.17.3-15 (Scriptores originum Constantinopolitanarum ed. Preger, 159.5-17).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: architecture; art history; biography; Christianity; food; geography; historiography; history; imagery; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 15 June 2003@23:27:25.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 16 June 2003@03:46:59.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 16 June 2003@13:08:39.
Catharine Roth on 16 June 2003@13:10:00.
David Whitehead (updated n.2; more keywords) on 13 January 2013@06:55:55.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 9 August 2013@00:42:44.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 28 November 2014@10:36:07.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 26 January 2019@02:10:10.


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