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Headword: Ἱερείας ἐνύπνιον
Adler number: iota,165
Translated headword: priestess's dream
Vetting Status: high
But others say it should rather be called Himeraia's dream. A certain old woman [named] Himeraia, so they say, thought she saw herself taken up into the heavens, and indeed as she entered the palace of Zeus she beheld a red-haired man bound with an iron chain, below the royal throne. When she asked who he was, she [seemed] to hear, "the scourge of Sicily." So much for the dream. But some time later, seeing Dionysius ruling as tyrant,[1] she told the dream to many and reported that he was the one she had seen. Dionysios was angered and put her to death.
Greek Original:
Ἱερείας ἐνύπνιον: ἄλλοι δέ φασι δεῖν μᾶλλον Ἱμεραίας ἐνύπνιον λέγεσθαι. Ἱμεραία δὲ γραῦς τις ὥς φασιν ὁρᾶν ἑαυτὴν ἐδόκει ἀναγομένην εἰς οὐρανούς: καὶ δῆτα ἐλθοῦσαν εἰς τὰ τοῦ Διὸς οἰκήματα θεάσασθαι ἄνδρα πυρρὸν δεδεμένον ἁλύσει σιδηρᾷ, ὑπὸ τὸν βασίλειον θρόνον: πυθομένην δὲ τίς εἴη, ὁ ἀλάστωρ, ἀκοῦσαι, τῆς Σικελίας. τὸ μὲν ἐνύπνιον ἐν τούτῳ. ὕστερον δὲ χρόνοις ἰδοῦσα τυραννοῦντα τὸν Διονύσιον τό τε ὄναρ πολλοῖς διηγήσατο καὶ αὐτὸν εἶναι τὸν τεθεαμένον ἀπήγγειλεν: ἣν ὀργισθεὶς ἀπέκτεινε Διονύσιος.
Also in other lexica (see the references at Photius iota49 Theodoridis), and cf. the headword phrase as a proverb: Appendix proverbiorum 3.25. Ultimately a fragment of tau 602, the Sicilian historian Timaeus of Tauromenium (FGrH 566 F29) preserved in the scholia to Aeschines 2.10 (which alludes to this episode of 'the priestess's dream' as one mentioned in the spoken version of Demosthenes 19).
The old woman Himeraia is cross-referenced at iota 346.
[1] On Dionysius I, tyrant of Sicily 406-368, see generally delta 1178.
Keywords: biography; daily life; dreams; historiography; history; imagery; politics; proverbs; religion; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 17 May 2006@01:09:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 17 May 2006@03:27:21.
David Whitehead (further expansion of primary note) on 17 May 2006@07:44:39.
David Whitehead (yet more for note, and consequential keywords) on 17 May 2006@08:43:09.
David Whitehead (expanded note) on 9 January 2013@08:13:26.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 26 April 2016@04:44:57.


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