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Headword: Δακνόμενος
Adler number: delta,22
Translated headword: being bitten
Vetting Status: high
[Used] with an accusative.[1] [Meaning] being harassed, eaten up by the expenses of horse-rearing. For raising horses is reputed to be expensive; which is also connected to the Laconian curse. For indeed the Lakedaimonians did classify this as a curse.[2] It is this: 'may house and rampart[3] get you, and may your horse and your wife take a lover', all these things being expensive and damaging.[4] He said the 'being bitten' from the man's having been shut up within the bedclothes.[5]
Greek Original:
Δακνόμενος: αἰτιατικῇ. ἐνοχλούμενος, ὑπὸ τῶν τῆς ἱπποτροφίας ἀναλωμάτων κατεσθιόμενος. δοκεῖ γὰρ δαπανηρὸν εἶναι τὸ ἵππους τρέφειν: ὅπερ καὶ τῇ Λακωνικῇ προσέζευκται κατάρᾳ. καὶ γὰρ δὴ τοῦτο οἱ Λακεδαιμόνιοι ἐν κατάρας ἔθεσαν μέρει. ἔστι δὲ αὕτη: οἰκοδομά σε λάβοι καὶ ἀμβολά, ὁ δὲ ἵππος καὶ ἁ γυνά τοι μοιχὸν ἔχοι. ὡς τούτων πάντων δαπανηρῶν ὄντων καὶ ἐπιζημίων. τὸ δὲ δακνόμενος εἶπεν, ἀπὸ τοῦ αὐτὸν κατακεκλεῖσθαι ἔσω τῶν στρωμάτων.
From the scholia to Aristophanes, Clouds 12, where the headword participle occurs.
[1] Obscure, unless one is 'bitten' in respect of something in the accusative. However, this grammatical gloss might simply be a mistaken repetition of the one in delta 21.
[2] For this idiom see LSJ s.v. meros, IV.3.
[3] cf. alpha 1532, end, where the present entry is cited.
[4] cf. iota 577, omicroniota 66.
[5] A reference forward to line 37 of the play: "a demarch [mayor] out of the bedclothes is biting me".
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; gender and sexuality; imagery; women; zoology
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 20 January 2002@01:28:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modifed translation and notes; added keywords) on 20 January 2002@08:57:56.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 4 December 2005@08:28:42.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 13 June 2012@08:23:40.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 4 October 2015@04:04:54.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 13 May 2016@14:42:35.


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