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Headword: Δυστράπελος
Adler number: delta,1701
Translated headword: intransigent
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] difficult to move, unalterable, difficult to shift, [one] who did not find [a way] to escape suffering. Thus they also say 'intransigent ditch': one which is not easy to undo.[1] Or, one who is immovable in anger or disposition or greediness, the type [they call] also 'intractable'. Sophokles [says]: "[where, where] is he lying, the intransigent" -- that is the ill-tempered -- "the ill-named Aias?".[2] As even Aias himself said: "Ai! ai! Who would have ever thought that my name would provide such an appellation for my misfortune? Now I have reason to cry 'ai!' twice [...], for such are the misfortunes I am encountering."[3]
Greek Original:
Δυστράπελος: δυσκίνητος, ἀμετάτρεπτος, δυσμετάθετος, ὃς οὐχ εὗρεν ἐκφυγεῖν τὸ πάθος. οὕτως λέγουσι καὶ δυστράπελον ὄρυγμα, τὸ οὐκ εὐδιάλυτον. ἢ ὁ ἀμετακίνητος ὀργῇ ἢ διαθέσει ἢ φιλαργυρίᾳ, τὸν αὐτὸν δὲ καὶ ἀτράπελον. Σοφοκλῆς: κεῖται ὁ δυστράπελος, τουτέστιν ὁ δύσκολος, ὁ δυσώνυμος Αἴας. ὡς καὶ αὐτὸς εἶπεν ὁ Αἴας: αἶ, αἶ, τίς ἄν ποτ' ᾤεθ' ὧδ' ἐπώνυμον τοὐμὸν ξυνοίσειν ὄνομα τοῖς ἐμοῖς κακοῖς: νῦν γὰρ πάρεστι καὶ δὶς αἰάζειν ἐμοί, καὶ τοῖς τοιούτοις γὰρ κακοῖς ἐντυγχάνω.
See also delta 1700.
[1] So the transmitted text of this phrase, but it looks odd. Adler notes (but does not adopt) two suggested emendations of its noun: to ὄργημα (cf. LSJ s.v.) or to πρᾶγμα (as in Heniochus fr. 4 Kock and K.-A.).
[2] Sophokles, Ajax 912 (web address 1), preceded by material from the scholia there.
[3] Sophokles, Ajax 430-433 (web address 2); cf. alpha 748 (end), alphaiota 91.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; imagery; tragedy
Translated by: William Hutton on 2 March 2005@20:44:33.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 3 March 2005@03:09:52.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 1 January 2006@10:10:11.
David Whitehead (more notes and keywords; tweaking) on 23 July 2012@04:46:10.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 December 2014@06:51:28.


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