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Headword: *doi=duc
Adler number: delta,1560
Translated headword: pestle
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a grinding-implement.
Aristophanes [writes]: "that if this man had not become great in the city, two useful implements would not exist, a pestle and a grinder".[1]
See in the entry a)letri/banos ['grinder'].[2]
Greek Original:
*doi=duc: o( a)letri/banos. *)aristofa/nhs: w(s ei) mh\ ge/noiq' ou(=tos e)n th=| po/lei me/gas, ou)k a)\n h)/sthn skeu/h du/o xrhsi/mw, doi=duc kai\ a)letri/banos. zh/tei e)n tw=| a)letri/banos.
For the headword cf. delta 1559; Hesychius delta2099.
[1] Aristophanes, Knights 981-984, on Kleon (kappa 1731). The passage is a variation on the theme of the "confusion" (tara/ttein) in reference to the activity of demagogues: a pestle and a grinder are implements used to crush and mix things, to create agitation. (For this see also Peace 259-284, where Kleon and Brasidas are the "pestles" used by the demon War to destroy Greece.) Aristophanes, however, did not mention the a)letri/banos; the second implement in the phrase is a stirring implement, toru/nh (tau 799). The error may have been caused by the presence of the word a)letri/banos in a scholion. For this last see Peace 265, 269, 282; the scholia to Peace 295 derive the word from a(/las tri/bein "grind salt". Pollux 1.245 mentions the a)letri/banos among implements used by peasants.
For 'pestle' doi/duc see Peace 288, 295; a scholion ascribes to Crates of Mallos the notion that this was an Attic word, and a)letri/banos an Asian one.
The scholia refer to proverbial expressions: scholia to Knights 984b paroimi/a, doi/duc au)/cei: e)pi\ tw=n li/an mikrw=n, "there is a proverb, "the grinder causes [things] to augment: [it is said] for the very little things". See also the scholia to Knights 984c.
[2] alpha 1146.
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; food; history; imagery; poetry; proverbs
Translated by: Antonella Ippolito on 11 April 2005@21:31:27.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modified translation) on 13 April 2005@00:41:05.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 13 April 2005@03:39:32.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 18 July 2012@08:48:01.
David Whitehead on 16 November 2015@04:47:29.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 25 September 2016@12:07:03.
Catharine Roth (betacode typo) on 26 September 2016@01:23:28.


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