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Headword: *drasth/rion
Adler number: delta,1512
Translated headword: effective
Vetting Status: high
"A disciplined and peaceful character was arranged in him together with effectiveness[1] and manliness. A mild, reasonable man, in addition disinterested in politics and public affairs, yet, when he entered a showdown of actions, he did not at all fall short of those people who busy themselves with these matters."
Greek Original:
*drasth/rion: to\ ko/smion kai\ h(su/xion meta\ tou= drasthri/ou au)tw=| e)te/takto kai\ tou= a)ndrw/dous: e)pieikh\s ga\r w)\n kai\ pro/s g' e)/ti a)pra/gmwn o(/mws ei)s a)gw=na pragma/twn e)mbebhkw\s e)c a)na/gkhs ou)deno\s e)lei/peto tw=n peri\ tau=ta kalindoume/nwn.
This quotation is variously attributed to Eunapius (fr. 108 FHG [4.56] = Fragmenta Historica 1. p.274) and Damascius, Life of Isidore fr. 62 Zintzen (28 Asmus, 31 Athanassiadi). The list of contrasting qualities in the unnamed subject is perhaps reminiscent of Josephus' characterization of the Hasmonean rivals, Hyrcanus and Aristoboulus the younger (Jewish Antiquities 13.407, 14.8 & 13; cf. Zonaras, Epitome Historiarum 1 p.342-44).
[1] For the meaning of this term (which has generated the unglossed headword of the entry) see delta 1513 and delta 1514; and cf. delta 1488. Thucydides 2.63.3 (speech of Pericles) offers a famous instance of the neuter singular of this adjective -- there, as again here, with a definite article -- to refer to a quality in human character, i.e. 'the effective' = 'effectiveness', as translated here. Philosophers discussed to\ kalon, 'the quality or attribute of beauty', as the abstract concept 'beauty'. Here the phrase to\ ko/smion kai\ h(su/xion is translated as 'a disciplined and peaceful character', tou= a)ndrw/dous as 'manliness'.
Keywords: biography; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; philosophy; politics
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 15 March 2002@06:46:48.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 4 September 2002@09:37:43.
Catharine Roth (modified translation, augmented reference) on 15 May 2003@21:24:14.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 16 November 2005@07:46:04.
David Whitehead (expanded and tweaked notes; cosmetics) on 18 July 2012@05:15:24.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 15 November 2015@08:35:50.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 18 September 2016@23:39:20.


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