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Headword: *doki/des
Adler number: delta,1326
Translated headword: beams, meteors
Vetting Status: high
Names of stars.
Greek Original:
*doki/des: a)ste/rwn o)no/mata.
In astronomical contexts the headword - which otherwise means beams or planks - denotes a kind of comet, so called because of its shape. See e.g. Arrian, Fragmenta de rebus physicis 6.30 oi( komh=tai a)ste/res kai\ lampa/des kai\ pwgwni/ai kai\ pi/qoi kai\ doki/des, kaq’ o(moio/thta e(/kasta i)de/as th=s e)pwnumi/as laxo/nta; "the comets, the meteors, the 'bearded stars', the jar-shaped and the beam-shaped stars, which got their names according to an analogy to their shapes". Same explanation in Basil, In sanctam Christi generationem 31.1472.25 Migne; and cf. also Aristotle, De mundo 392b4; Eusebius, Demonstratio evangelica 9.1.14; Anna Comnena, Alexias 12.4.1. See also kappa 1996.
The noun doki/s is also used in mathematical contexts, as one of the several names given to different types of solid numbers (see LSJ at web address 1; Hesychius delta2120).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; mathematics; science and technology
Translated by: Antonella Ippolito on 24 March 2005@14:32:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword; x-ref; cosmetics) on 25 March 2005@04:07:02.
Antonella Ippolito (betacode) on 25 March 2005@11:15:26.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 29 September 2005@02:04:18.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 16 July 2012@04:42:56.
Catharine Roth (betacode typo) on 11 September 2016@01:42:04.


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