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Headword: legetai kai hippos
Adler number: delta,1164
Translated headword: Diomedeian compulsion
Vetting Status: high
Also found is '[Diomedeian] horse'.[1] A proverb, [stemming] from [Diomedes [Author, Myth]] the son of Tydeus or from the Thracian [Diomedes]. The latter compelled his guests to have intercourse with his daughters and then killed them. His daughters were disgraceful (and the horses are allegories for them). Others say that Diomedes and Odysseus were returning after stealing the Palladium. Odysseus, following behind, intended to kill Diomedes; but Diomedes saw the shadow of his sword in the moonlight and, out of fear, made Odysseus lead the way, poking him in the back with his sword.[2] The proverb is used to describe those who do something under compulsion. The reason for the proverb is this: because Diomedes had man-eating horses.
[Note] that[3] Diomedes on his homeward journey put in to his own land, but was not welcomed. He was chased out, and he went to Calabria[4] where he founded a city which he called Argyrippe; this has since changed its name to Beneventum.
Greek Original:
Diomêdeios anankê. legetai kai hippos. paroimia, apo tou Tudeôs ê apo tou Thraikos: hos ênankaze tous xenous aischrais ousais tais thugatrasin autou misgesthai [has kai hippous allêgorei], eita anêirei. hoi de, hoti Diomêdês kai Odusseus to Palladion klepsantes nuktos epanêiesan. hepomenos de ho Odusseus ton Diomêdên eboulêthê apokteinai. en têi selênêi de idôn tên skian tou xiphous ho Diomêdês, deisas ton Odussea epoiêse proagein paiôn autou tôi xiphei to metaphrenon. tattetai de epi tôn kat' anankên ti prattontôn. dia touto legei, hoti hippous anthrôpophagous eichen ho Diomêdês. hoti Diomêdês eis ton apoploun katachtheis eis ta idia ouk edechthê, alla diôchtheis apêlthen eis Kalabrian kai ktizei polin, hên ekalesen Argurippên, tên metonomastheisan Benebenton.
For 'Diomedeian compulsion' see e.g. Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 1029; Plato, Republic 493D; Zenobius 3.8.
[By a slip, the SOL headword gives not this phrase but the opening of the gloss.]
[1] (This initial gloss, Adler reports, occurs in only two of the mss.) On the carnivorous horses of Diomedes [Author, Myth] -- the Thracian one about to be mentioned -- see generally OCD(4) 458, under 'Diomedes(1)'.
[2] cf. omicron 63, pi 34.
[3] This final paragraph is quoted from beta 237, cf. alpha 3791.
[4] In S Italy.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; chronology; comedy; daily life; epic; ethics; food; gender and sexuality; geography; imagery; mythology; proverbs; women; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 9 June 2000@02:15:04.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented and modified notes; added keyword; cosmetics) on 26 March 2001@04:56:02.
David Whitehead (added x-ref; cosmetics) on 20 December 2002@05:47:01.
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; typo and other cosmetics) on 21 April 2004@04:35:59.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 12 July 2012@05:10:39.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@05:22:43.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; tweaked tr) on 11 November 2015@04:09:09.


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