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Headword: *dikaiou=n
Adler number: delta,1078
Translated headword: to think just, to exact justice
Vetting Status: high
[It] means two [things], both to punish and to consider just; thus Herodotos [uses this verb].[1]
"[He] thinking it just to defend themselves against the Skythians with the same means which they themselves had recourse to, in violation of treaty, against those of the Athenians who were surrendering the citadel."[2]
And elsewhere, Appian [writes]: " make agreements on whatever terms the Gabii think just".[3] Meaning consider to be just.
And Josephus: "and they, reckoning the exaction of justice to be an insult, drew down many of the weapons and departed to a certain place."[4]
Greek Original:
*dikaiou=n: du/o dhloi=, to/ te kola/zein kai\ to\ di/kaion nomi/zein: ou(/tws *(hro/dotos. dikaiw=n toi=s au)toi=s a)mu/nesqai tou\s *sku/qas, oi(=s dh\ kai\ au)toi\ e)s *)aqhnai/wn tou\s e)ndo/ntas th\n a)/kran u(ph=rcan paraspondh/santes. kai\ au)=qis *)appiano/s: cumba/seis poiei=n, e)f' oi(=s a)\n *ga/bioi dikaiw=sin. a)nti\ tou= di/kaion ei)=nai nomi/zwsi. kai\ *)iw/shpos: oi( de\ e)f' u(/brei th\n dikai/wsin logizo/menoi, kataspa/santes tw=n o(/plwn polla/, w)/|xonto ei)/s ti xwri/on.
Likewise in Photius, Lexicon delta595 Theodoridis.
cf. generally delta 1077, delta 1079, epsilon 237, epsilon 238.
[1] Adler and Theodoridis cite 1.100.2 and 3.42.2, exempli gratia. For forms of the verb dikaio/w as 'think just' see also e.g. 1.89 (web address 1), 2.37, 3.19, 4.154, 6.138, 7.159, 8.126, 9.26; for 'exact justice', see (besides 1.100.2: web address 2) 3.92; 5.92b.
[2] Quotation unidentifiable. Adler suggests Dexippus (and cites a similar passage at Thucydides 2.47.4: web address 3).
[3] Nowhere in the extant portions of Appian's text. Conventionally assigned to Book I as Fragment 8.
[4] Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 18.315.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: definition; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; philosophy
Translated by: William Hutton on 13 June 2005@05:10:33.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked translation and notes; x-refs) on 13 June 2005@08:12:58.
David Whitehead (more x-refs; another keyword; cosmetics) on 11 July 2012@03:55:00.
David Whitehead (another note) on 23 August 2013@08:53:12.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 October 2014@23:12:14.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 26 August 2016@00:50:44.


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