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Headword: *xara/dra
Adler number: chi,86
Translated headword: charadra, ravine
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] trench full of dirt, [something] dangerous, having no water. Aristophanes [writes]: "it had the destructive voice of a ravine that has given birth."[1]
In the Epigrams: "whenever he searched it out among the hills and the leafy ravines he noticed it on the banks of the river."[2]
Greek Original:
*xara/dra: diw/ruc phlou= mesth/, o)/leqron, ou)x u(/dwr e)/xousa. *)aristofa/nhs: fwnh\n d' ei)=xe xara/dras o)/leqron tetokui/as. e)n *)epigra/mmasi: o(ppo/te min knhmou/s te kata\ lasi/ous te xara/dras e)c o)re/wn potamou= fra/ssat' e)p' h)i+o/nwn.
For this headword cf. chi 87, chi 88.
[1] Aristophanes, Peace 757 (web address 1 below). This portion of the text is identical to another passage in Aristophanes (at Wasps 1034; web address 2 below). What precedes the quotation is from a scholion to the line.
[2] Greek Anthology 6.255.3-4 (Erycius). "It" here refers to a wayward bull that the herdsman is tracking. The Suda reads h)i+o/nwn (the genitive plural with Attic-Ionic h) where the text of the poem reads a)i+o/ni (dative singular with original a preserved in most other dialects). See also kappa 1867, where part of this passage is quoted. On this epigram see Gow and Page vol. I (248-249); vol. II (281-282); and further excerpts at alpha 2997, alpha 4362, beta 469, beta 455, iota 397, kappa 1946, and omicron 915.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; imagery; poetry; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 13 March 2008@16:23:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 March 2008@05:07:24.
David Whitehead (more x-refs) on 14 March 2008@05:08:48.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmetics) on 11 November 2010@01:32:14.
Catharine Roth (other cosmetics) on 11 November 2010@01:37:21.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 11 November 2010@02:56:47.
David Whitehead on 8 November 2013@03:55:35.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 29 September 2019@23:05:07.
Ronald Allen (typo translation) on 24 October 2022@12:39:12.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 25 October 2022@12:28:23.
Catharine Roth (tweaked links) on 17 April 2023@15:56:06.


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