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Headword: *xlou=nai
Adler number: chi,349
Translated headword: greenwood-men
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] robbers, who lie in ambush in the greenwood [xloh=|].[1] Also [sc. attested in the singular] "greenwood", [meaning] solitary, violent, wicked, difficult.[2]
And the eunuch. "A castrated and androgynous man (if we should grant that he be a man), one who is enfeebled in soul through the study of Epicurus and has become womanish. Having borne a torch before Stratocles in Athens, a eunuch and a she-male, bewitched and bound as if in an unbreakable chain."[3]
Greek Original:
*xlou=nai: lwpodu/tai, oi( e)n th=| xlo/h| eu)nazo/menoi. kai\ *xlou/nhs, monio/s, plh/kths, kakou=rgos, xalepo/s. kai\ o( a)po/kopos. xlou/nhs kai\ gu/nandros a)nh/r [ei) doi/hmen au)to\n a)/ndra ei)=nai] dia\ tw=n *)epikou/rou lo/gwn th\n yuxh\n e)kneurisqei\s kai\ qh=lus geno/menos. o( pro\ *stratokle/ous *)aqh/nhsi da|douxh/sas, o( xlou/nhs te kai\ gu/nnis, katagohteuqei\s kai\ oi(=on e)n desmw=| tini a)fu/ktw| pedhqei/s.
[1] Likewise in Hesychius; similarly in Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon and elsewhere. The headword is nominative plural of the noun xlou/nhs. It is evidently quoted from somewhere, but the gloss does not fit the obvious place (Hesiod, Shield of Heracles 177, on boars).
[2] The word xlou/nhs is often used as an epithet of the wild boar (presumably referring to the location of his lair). See also the scholia to Homer, Iliad 9.539 (web address 1), where xlou/nhn, the accusative singular of the headword, appears.
[3] Aelian fr. 10b Domingo-Forasté (10 Hercher); see already gamma 504, delta 6, epsilon 512 and epsilon 3604 which quote parts of this passage.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; imagery; medicine; philosophy; women; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 30 March 2008@21:49:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 March 2008@04:24:39.
Catharine Roth (updated reference, upgraded link) on 25 March 2011@23:29:57.
David Whitehead on 12 November 2013@05:59:10.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 4 April 2015@00:06:24.


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