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Headword: *xitw/n
Adler number: chi,320
Translated headword: chiton, tunic
Vetting Status: high
A man's garment.
"And a sleeved short tunic [xitwni/skos xeiridwto/s], such as befits a slave boy."[1]
A chiton, therefore, is a lightweight garment, an undershirt; [the word is derived] from the fact that it flows [e)gxei=sqai] on the limbs.[2]
"Wearing a chiton of fleecy wool underneath; and even if he deceived [them] saying these things, he would pop up around the fish." That is, he would appear around the fish-shops. That is, he would be found cutting.[3]
Interpretation of a dream: a ripped chiton ripped away a weight of worries."[4]
Greek Original:
*xitw/n: i(ma/tion a)ndriko/n. kai\ xitwni/skos xeiridwto/s, oi(=os pre/pei dou/lw| paidi/. *xitw\n ou)=n e)sti lepto\n i(ma/tion, u(poka/mison: para\ to\ e)gxei=sqai toi=s me/lesi. xitw=na/ g' e)/xwn ou)/lwn e)ri/wn u(pe/nerqen. ka)\n tau=ta le/gwn e)capath/sh|, peri\ tou\s i)xqu/as a)ne/kuye. toute/stin a)nafai/netai peri\ ta\ i)xquopw/lia. toute/sti glu/fwn eu(ri/sketai. lu/sis o)nei/rou: xitw\n r(agei\s e)/rrhce fronti/dwn ba/ros.
[1] Procopius, Secret History 9.9.
[2] This gloss and etymology appear in the A and D scholia on Homer, Iliad 2.42 (where the headword occurs in the accusative, xitw=na: web address 1 below). See also chi 335.
[3] Aristophanes, Frogs 1067-1068 (web address 2); what follows in the entry is from the scholia to line 1068.
[4] From the dream-interpretations, in verse, attributed to Astrampsychus (alpha 4251).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: children; clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; dreams; epic; food; gender and sexuality; historiography; imagery; meter and music; poetry; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 30 March 2008@00:34:22.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 30 March 2008@08:00:34.
David Whitehead on 11 November 2013@08:49:58.
Catharine Roth (tweaked links) on 27 May 2023@23:00:31.


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