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Headword: Ἄϊδος κυνῆ
Adler number: alpha,676
Translated headword: Hades' dog-skin [helmet]
Vetting Status: high
Aristophanes [writes]: "take for my sake the shadow-shaggy Hades helmet from Hieronymos." The proverb[1] was [sc. originally] said about those who are invisible. But now about those who grow their hair exceedingly long. For this Hieronymos was a melic and tragic poet [who was] deviant and unkempt, because he wrote roles that were too sentimental and used fearful masks; he seemed to be (?)applauded.[2] He was mocked for growing his hair all long: wherefore comedically [Aristophanes] said he is Hades' dog-skin, since he has long hair.
Greek Original:
Ἄϊδος κυνῆ: Ἀριστοφάνης: λάβε δ' ἐμοῦ γ' ἕνεκα παρ' Ἱερωνύμου σκοτοδασυπυκνότριχα τὴν Ἄϊδος κυνῆν. ἐπὶ τῶν ἀφανῶν εἴρηται ἡ παροιμία. νῦν δὲ ἐπὶ τῶν ἄγαν κομώντων. οὗτος γὰρ ὁ Ἱερώνυμος μελῶν ἦν ποιητὴς καὶ τραγῳδὸς ἀνώμαλος καὶ ἀνοικονόμητος, διὰ τὸ ἄγαν ἐμπαθεῖς γράφειν ὑποθέσεις καὶ φοβεροῖς προσωπείοις χρῆσθαι: ἐδόκει κροτεῖσθαι. ἐκωμῳδεῖτο δὲ ὡς πάνυ κομῶν: διόπερ Ἄϊδος κυνῆν ἔφη αὐτὸν κωμῳδικῶς, ὡς κουρειῶντα.
Aristophanes, Acharnians 388-390 (web address 1 below), with scholia. Modern editors prefer τιν to the transmitted τὴν , i.e. "a" rather than "the" helmet.)
On Hieronymos son of Xenophantes see also kappa 1768, where he is given similar attributes but, apparently in error, under the headword Kleitos (Clitus). He apparently also wrote comedies and dithyrambs.
[1] See under alpha 675.
[2] The sense of the multi-meaning verb κροτεῖσθαι here is unclear.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; clothing; comedy; daily life; ethics; gender and sexuality; imagery; military affairs; mythology; poetry; proverbs; stagecraft; trade and manufacture; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 17 March 2001@23:54:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 18 March 2001@03:57:02.
Robert Dyer (added cross reference, raised status) on 25 February 2002@10:16:17.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added keyword) on 28 September 2005@18:13:50.
Jennifer Benedict (updated link) on 16 March 2008@16:01:31.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 March 2008@08:11:06.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 13 January 2012@09:00:16.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 17 January 2012@00:13:28.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 1 May 2015@06:48:46.


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