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Headword: Ἄχναι
Adler number: alpha,4705
Translated headword: foam, down
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] light chaff or impurities. Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "sea's foam", [meaning] the lightest part of the water, the froth of the sea.[1]
In the Epigrams: "a fragrant pomegranate clothed with soft down."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "fire's foam", [meaning] smoke.[3] And "sleep's foam", [as] Hippocrates says, and "hunger's foam". It also indicates fine lint.[4]
Greek Original:
Ἄχναι: λεπτὰ ἄχυρα ἢ ἀκαθαρσίαι. καὶ Ἄχνη ἁλός, τὸ λεπτότατον τοῦ ὕδατος, ὁ ἀφρὸς τῆς θαλάσσης. ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: μῆλον θ' ἡδύπνουν λεπτῇ πεποκωμένον ἄχνῃ. καὶ Ἄχνη πυρός, ὁ καπνός. καὶ ἄχνη ὕπνου, ὁ Ἱπποκράτης φησὶ, καὶ ἄχνη λιμοῦ. δηλοῖ δὲ καὶ λεπτὸν ξύσμα.
Notes:
The headword is actually (feminine nominative) plural, hard to reproduce in translation.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; and cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 5.499, where the word occurs (accusative plural).
[2] Greek Anthology 6.102.3.
[3] Aeschylus fr. 336.
[4] There seems to be a double dose of confusion here. Hippocrates uses the word ἄχνη only in the sense of fine threads of lint; and indeed in the second of the Suda's two purported quotations other lexica do have "lint" (λίνου ), not "hunger" (λιμοῦ ). But that still leaves the problem of the first quotation. One might diagnose confusion here between ἄχνη and ἄκος , "cure/remedy". See Epidemiai 6.4.18 (akos of sleep); de affectionibus 47 (akos of hunger).
Keywords: botany; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; imagery; medicine; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 6 June 2001@13:54:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented and modified notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 29 August 2002@05:52:04.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 10 September 2010@22:45:54.
Catharine Roth (more cosmetics) on 11 September 2010@01:13:14.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 May 2012@09:11:07.
David Whitehead on 11 September 2015@10:09:47.
David Whitehead on 4 October 2015@09:36:31.

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