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Headword: *)arga/s
Adler number: alpha,3760
Translated headword: Argas, serpent
Vetting Status: high
The most dreadful of his generation is called 'Argas'. Demosthenes is likened to him by Aeschines.[1] But others [use it of] a person who behaves most terribly and bestially.
And in particular Argives used to call the snake an 'argas'. But Timarchos of Rhodes says this name is not used for linguistic reasons but because an 'argas' is a type of snake.[2]
Greek Original:
*)arga/s: o( deino/tatos par' h(liki/an a)rga\s kalei=tai. tou/tw| a)fomoiou=sqai u(po\ *ai)sxi/nou to\n *dhmosqe/nhn. a)/lloi de\ to\n deino/taton kai\ qhriw/dh to\n tro/pon. kai\ ma/lista *)argei=oi to\n o)/fin a)rga\n e)ka/loun. *ti/marxos de\ o( *(ro/dios ou) kata\ glw=ttan ou(/tw kalei=sqai/ fhsin, a)lla\ ge/nos ei)=nai o)/fewn tou\s a)rga/s.
Adapted and abbreviated from Harpokration s.v. (alpha221 Keaney). Unusually, Photius s.v. (Lexicon alpha2771 Theodoridis) stems from a different tradition: there Argas is 'a bad poet with regard to composition', mentioned by Phaenias in his Against the Sophists.
[1] Aeschines 2.99 (web address 1). Aeschines says that this is one of the pejorative nicknames given to Demosthenes in his youth. The meaning of it is unknown unless the subsequent information in the entry is actually pertinent.
[2] On Timachidas (sic) of Rhodes, a hellenistic antiquarian writer, see tau 599, and generally OCD(4) s.v. (p.1481).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; history; imagery; poetry; politics; rhetoric; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 8 October 2000@12:05:04.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 23 August 2002@08:31:20.
William Hutton (cosmetics, augmented note, added link and keywords, set status) on 24 June 2003@05:51:43.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 June 2011@07:55:15.
David Whitehead on 30 July 2014@10:36:08.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note, at the prompting of David Mirhady; another keyword) on 3 September 2014@02:54:12.
David Whitehead on 30 August 2015@08:13:48.


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