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Headword: Apragmôn
Adler number: alpha,3683
Translated headword: business-free
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] toil-free.[1]
"It is necessary that men of excellence be business-free, and avoid performing something contrary to duty. And they will drink wine, but not get drunk. Furthermore they will not go out of their mind, although at times strange appearances will assault [them] due to melancholy or to a raving, and this takes place not following the account of what is choiceworthy but against nature.[2]
So [someone who is] 'business-free' [is] fair, moderate in his moods; for instance not combative or meddlesome.[3]
Alternatively [it means someone] slackened or dull.
Greek Original:
Apragmôn: aponos. apragmonas dei einai tous spoudaious, ekklinein te to prattein ti para to kathêkon. kai oinôthêsesthai men, ou methusthêsesthai de. eti de oude manêsesthai: prospeseisthai mentoi autôi phantasias allokotous dia melancholian ê lêrêsin, ou kata ton tôn hairetôn logon, alla para phusin. Apragmôn oun epieikês, metrios tous tropous, hoion ou philoneikos, ê philopragmôn. ê aneimenos ê môros.
cf. generally alpha 3681, alpha 3682.
[1] Likewise in other lexica.
[2] A close approximation of Diogenes Laertius 7.118, who is quoting Stoic doctrine. (For "will drink wine, but not get drunk" cf. omicroniota 140.) In fact, the Stoic sage person is said not to get drunk and drunkenness is defined as a raving (or "delirium") due to wine (see Stobaeus, Eclogae 2.109, ed. Wachsmuth). The wise person is free from pain because pain is an emotional state (pathos: "an irrational contraction of the soul"), but all his actions are in line with reason. He has no emotion but correct emotional states (eupatheiai).
[3] This material comes from the scholia to Aristophanes, Knights 261, where the word occurs.
Keywords: comedy; definition; ethics; food; imagery; medicine; philosophy
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 1 May 2001@11:24:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note; added keywords; cosmetics) on 2 May 2001@03:10:16.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics) on 23 August 2002@04:06:26.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 23 August 2002@04:09:25.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 April 2012@07:08:16.
David Whitehead (coding) on 30 August 2015@05:20:19.


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