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Headword: *)alka/nhs
Adler number: alpha,1270
Translated headword: Alkanes, Elkanas, Elkanah
Vetting Status: high
At the beginning of the book of the 4 kingdoms the name Elkanah occurs.[1]
A man[2] of the middle class among the citizens lived in the city of Armathaim in the land of Ephraim and married 2 wives, [H]annah and Phenannah. By the latter he had two children, but he continued to love the other, although she was barren. Alkanes came to the city of Shiloh with his wives to sacrifice -- for there the tabernacle of God was fixed -- and when he distributed meat to the wives and children during the festival, [H]annah, seeing the other children sitting around their mother, burst into tears and prostrated herself and bemoaned herself on account of her barrenness and loneliness. And winning over her husband's encouragements with her grief, she went into the tabernacle, and she begged God to give her offspring and to make her a mother and she vowed to dedicate the first son born to her to the service of God, that his way of life should not be made like that of common men. And as she prayed, Eli the high priest came and commanded her to go away as if she were drunk, but when she said she had drunk only water and she was begging God, grieving for her difficulty getting children, he told her to take heart, declaring that God would give her children. And a child was born to her, whom they called Samuel -- "obtained from God", as one might say.
Greek Original:
*)alka/nhs: o(/ti e)n th=| a)rxh= th=s bi/blou tw=n d# basileiw=n *(elkana=s kei=tai to\ o)/noma. a)nh\r tw=n e)n me/sw| politw=n th=s *)efrai\m klhrouxi/as *)armaqai\m po/lin katoikw=n gamei= b# gunai=kas, *)/annan te kai\ *fena/nnan. e)k dh\ tau/ths kai\ pai=des au)tw=| gi/nontai: th\n d' e(te/ran a)/teknon ou)=san a)gapw=n diete/lei. a)fikome/nou de\ meta\ tw=n gunaikw=n tou= *)alka/nou ei)s *shlw\ po/lin qu=sai: e)ntau=qa ga\r h( skhnh\ tou= qeou= e)peph/gei: kai\ pa/lin kata\ th\n eu)wxi/an ne/montos moi/ras krew=n tai=s te gunaici\ kai\ toi=s te/knois, h( *)/anna qeasame/nh tou\s th=s e(te/ras pai=das th=| mhtri\ perikaqisame/nous ei)s da/krua/ te prou)/pese kai\ th=s a)paidi/as au(th\n w)lofu/reto kai\ th=s monw/sews. kai\ th=s ta)ndro\s paramuqi/as th=| lu/ph| krath/sasa ei)s th\n skhnh\n w)/|xeto, to\n qeo\n i(keteu/ousa dou=nai gonh\n au)th=| kai\ poih=sai mhte/ra, e)paggellome/nh to\ prw=ton au)th=| gennhso/menon kaqierw/sein e)pi\ diakoni/an tou= qeou=, di/aitan ou)x o(moi/an toi=s i)diw/tais poihso/menon. eu)xome/nhs de\ h)=lqen *)hlei\ o( a)rxiereu\s kai\ w(s paroinou=san e)ke/leusen a)pie/nai. th=s de\ piei=n u(/dwr fame/nhs, lupoume/nhs d' e)pi\ pai/dwn a)pori/a| to\n qeo\n i(keteu/ein, qarrei=n parekeleu/eto, pare/cein au)th=| pai=da to\n qeo\n katagge/llwn. kai\ gi/netai au)th=| paidi/on, o(\n *samouh\l e)ka/lesan, qeai/thton w(s a)/n tis ei)/poi.
[1] This point of this addendum, in the margin of mss AM, is to draw attention to the Elkanas form of the name. The main body of the entry has Alkanes, as the headword. (The fourth book of Kingdoms in the Septuagint is better known to western readers as I Samuel.)
[2] What now follows comes from Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 5.342-346. (Continues at sigma 80.)
Keywords: biography; children; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; medicine; religion; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 19 May 2000@11:43:43.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 18 June 2002@05:38:25.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 4 October 2005@08:38:33.
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords) on 30 June 2008@06:05:00.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 7 February 2012@05:41:40.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 27 March 2012@19:58:06.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 28 March 2012@02:12:24.
David Whitehead on 5 June 2015@12:42:33.
David Whitehead on 15 August 2015@07:10:05.


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