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Headword: Aaschetos
Adler number: alpha,9
Translated headword: irresistible
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Something someone/something] uncontrollable.[1]
Greek Original:
Aaschetos: akratêtos.
Notes:
A word from epic poetry, e.g. Homer, Iliad 5.892 (web address 1), with metrical reduplication of the initial alpha (cf. LSJ s.v. a)/sxetos at web address 2). The headword and the gloss are both masculine/feminine nominative singular.
[1] A related but not identical word (a)katakra/thton) is used to gloss the neuter form of the headword at Etymologicum Magnum 1.32.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; meter and music; poetry
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 21 August 1998@16:55:57.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Raised status) on 17 October 2000@17:25:25.
David Whitehead (modified headword, to differentiate it from gloss) on 9 February 2001@04:47:19.
William Hutton (modified headword, added notes, links and keywords) on 20 August 2007@08:09:43.
Jennifer Benedict (cosmeticule) on 22 March 2008@17:17:54.
David Whitehead (spelling) on 23 March 2008@05:06:11.
Jennifer Benedict (cosmeticule) on 24 March 2008@23:14:55.
Jennifer Benedict (another cosmeticule) on 24 March 2008@23:15:34.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 17 December 2011@00:14:10.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 2 April 2015@08:39:22.

Headword: Aboulôs
Adler number: alpha,64
Translated headword: ill-advisedly
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] unthinkingly, ignorantly.[1]
A line [of verse]: "badly, ill-advisedly, unthinkingly, without reason."[2]
Greek Original:
Aboulôs: aphronôs, amathôs. stichos: kakôs, aboulôs, aphronôs, aneu logou.
Notes:
[1] Same glossing in other lexica (references at Photius alpha48 Theodoridis); and cf. generally alpha 60, alpha 63.
[2] An unidentifiable iambic trimeter, perhaps from tragedy.
Keywords: definition; ethics; meter and music; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 26 August 1998@19:24:02.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Modified headword, translation, augmented note and keywords, set status) on 30 January 2001@22:45:54.
David Whitehead (added note) on 23 April 2002@09:19:48.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 15 August 2007@09:49:22.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 19 December 2011@08:56:38.
David Whitehead on 16 August 2013@07:01:26.

Headword: Abelteros nous
Adler number: alpha,71
Translated headword: foolish mind
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"[A foolish mind,] empty, naive, young."
Greek Original:
Abelteros nous, chaunos, euêthês, neos.
Notes:
An iambic trimeter, unattributable to any particular author but regarded by Maas (BZ 28 (1928) 421) as coming from a comedy; now Kassel-Austin adespota fr. 915.
The entry is out of alphabetical order; cf. alpha 31, alpha 32, alpha 33.
Keywords: comedy; ethics; meter and music; poetry
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 26 August 1998@19:27:46.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Cosmetics, keyword, set status) on 31 January 2001@12:52:43.
David Whitehead (rearranged headword and translation; added note; altered keyword) on 1 February 2001@03:30:55.
David Whitehead (internal reorganisation; augmented notes and keywords) on 19 December 2011@09:16:59.
David Whitehead (expanded note; another keyword) on 29 December 2014@03:01:59.
David Whitehead (my typo) on 2 April 2015@10:38:43.

Headword: Agathônios
Adler number: alpha,125
Translated headword: Agathonios, Agathonius
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A proper name.[1]
[The man] who was king of Tartessos.[2]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "Agathon's pipe-playing": the soft and relaxed [kind]; alternatively that which is neither loose nor harsh, but temperate and very sweet.[3]
Greek Original:
Agathônios: onoma kurion. hos ebasileuse tês Tartêssou. kai Agathônios aulêsis: hê malakê kai eklelumenê: ê hê mête chalara, mête pikra, all' eukratos kai hêdistê.
Notes:
[1] Herodotus 1.163 gives it as Arganthonios (text at web address 1). See also tau 137.
[2] In southern Spain; probably the Biblical Tarshish. See generally tau 137 and OCD(4) s.v. (p.1433).
[3] Zenobius 1.2. On Agathon (an Athenian poet of the late C5 BC) and his reputation for softness see alpha 124; and on his aulos music, M.L. West, Ancient Greek Music (Oxford 1992) 354-5.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; ethics; geography; historiography; history; imagery; meter and music; proverbs; tragedy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 10 February 2001@09:33:27.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link) on 25 April 2002@11:17:50.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 17 September 2002@05:14:00.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference, italics, keyword) on 18 September 2006@18:09:26.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 22 December 2011@07:42:50.
David Whitehead on 22 December 2011@07:43:09.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 July 2014@12:34:58.

Headword: Aglaokoitos
Adler number: alpha,264
Translated headword: splendid-bedded
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] highly honored.
Greek Original:
Aglaokoitos: panu timios.
Notes:
Same entry in other lexica; references at Photius alpha195 Theodoridis. The headword -- otherwise unattested -- is metrically suitable for hexameter verse.
For other such compounds see alpha 265, alpha 266, alpha 267.
Keywords: definition; ethics; meter and music; poetry
Translated by: Roger Travis on 4 October 2000@12:45:30.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Cosmetics, set status) on 18 June 2001@01:42:01.
David Whitehead (added note) on 18 June 2001@03:03:47.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 5 January 2012@04:25:01.
David Whitehead on 18 August 2013@08:13:38.

Headword: Agorasô
Adler number: alpha,305
Translated headword: I will go to market
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Meaning I will spend time in [the] marketplace. Aristophanes [writes]: "and I will go to market in arms alongside Aristogeiton."[1] Meaning I will spend time in the market with Aristogeiton, near Aristogeiton.[2] That is,[3] "in a myrtle branch we will carry our sword, just like Harmodios and Aristogeiton". For they, having drawn their swords from myrtle branches, struck down the tyrant.
Greek Original:
Agorasô: anti tou en agorai diatripsô. Aristophanês: agorasô t' en tois hoplois hexês Aristogeitoni. anti tou en têi agorai diatripsô meta Aristogeitonos, engus Aristogeitonos. toutestin en mursinôi kladôi to xiphos phoresomen, hôsper Harmodios kai Aristogeitôn. houtoi gar apo tôn mursinôn kladôn ta xiphê anaspasantes ton turannon katebalon.
Notes:
See also epsilon 1384, phi 592.
[1] Aristophanes, Lysistrata 633 (web address 1 below), with comment from the scholia there.
[2] On the statues of the tyrannicides (see further, next note) Aristogeiton and Harmodios in the Athenian Agora, see in brief J.M. Camp, The Athenian Agora (London 1986) 38; cf. OCD(4) s.v. Aristogiton (pp.156-7); and at length M.W. Taylor, The Tyrant Slayers (New York 1981) 51-77.
[3] What follows this less-than-apposite opening is a line from one of the skolia (drinking songs) -- best preserved in Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 15.695A-B [15.50 Kaibel] -- which commemorated the assassination of Hipparchos in 514 BCE. See generally M. Ostwald, Nomos and the Beginnings of the Athenian Democracy (Oxford 1969) 121-136.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; history; military affairs; meter and music; politics; trade and manufacture
Translated by: William Hutton on 30 October 2000@00:44:39.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes; cosmetics) on 30 October 2000@04:35:33.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 9 October 2005@11:05:58.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; x-refs; more keywords) on 28 February 2006@03:08:29.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 5 January 2012@09:28:58.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@02:58:03.
David Whitehead (typo; other tweaking) on 9 April 2015@09:02:53.

Headword: Agreia aoidê
Adler number: alpha,350
Translated headword: rustic song
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The rural [kind].[1]
"He stretched the hide down a rustic plane tree." In the Epigrams.[2]
Also [sc. attested is] a)grei=os, [meaning] the yokel, the ignoramus.[3]
Or someone from the country.
Aristophanes in Clouds [writes]: "you are rustic and clumsy."[4]
The rustic and possessor of a large beard.[5]
And elsewhere: "it's particularly vulgar to see a poet who is rustic and hairy."[6]
Greek Original:
Agreia aoidê: hê agroikikê. to skutos agreiês t' eine kata platanou. en Epigrammasi. kai Agreios, ho agroikos, ho amathês. ê ho apo tou agrou. Aristophanês Nephelais: agreios ei kai skaios. ho agroikos kai megan pôgôna echôn. kai authis: allôs t' amouson esti poiêtên idein agreion onta kai dasun.
Notes:
[1] The headword phrase is presumably quoted from somewhere.
[2] Greek Anthology 6.35.2 (Leonidas of Tarentum), a rustic dedication to Pan; cf. Gow and Page, vol. I (122) and vol. II (356-357); cf. further extracts from this epigram at alpha 325, alphaiota 210, gamma 73, lambda 189, rho 72, and tau 264. The plane tree of the epigram, pla/tanos, is almost certainly the Old World or Asiatic Plane, Platanus orientalis, whose range extends from Asia into Greece and the eastern Mediterranean; cf. Raven (24, 70).
[3] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Clouds 655, about to be quoted.
[4] Aristophanes, Clouds 655.
[5] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 160, about to be quoted.
[6] Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 159-160 (copied here from alpha 1633).
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
J.E. Raven, Plants and Plant Lore in Ancient Greece, (Oxford 2000)
Keywords: agriculture; botany; clothing; comedy; definition; ethics; meter and music; poetry; religion
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 28 August 1998@16:33:29.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added keywords; cosmetics) on 16 July 2001@09:09:20.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@06:02:12.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 January 2012@08:01:32.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 6 January 2012@08:05:59.
Ronald Allen (tweaked translation, expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 8 November 2018@20:53:37.
Ronald Allen (better wording n.2) on 15 November 2018@18:19:23.

Headword: Agronomoi
Adler number: alpha,368
Translated headword: country-dwellers
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Those living in the country.[1]
"Singing cicada drunk on dewdrops, you celebrate the country-dwelling Muse who sings in solitude." In the Epigrams.[2]
Greek Original:
Agronomoi: hoi en agrois diagontes. êchêeis tettix droserais stagonesi methustheis, agronomon melpeis mousan erêmolalon. en Epigrammasi.
Notes:
[1] The headword is nominative plural masculine or feminine, but the glosses are unambiguously masculine. Up to this point the entry = an entry in the rhetorical lexicon of Eudemus (4b.47 Niese), Synagoge (Codex B) alpha195, Photius alpha270. Hesychius alpha825 has the same headword and gloss in the genitive case. The source for the lemma is unknown, though its presence in Eudemus suggests a rhetorical source. It occurs in Homer, Odyssey 6.106, but as a feminine adjective, and is accordingly given feminine glosses in the scholia.
[2] Greek Anthology 7.196.1-2 (Meleager [Author, Myth]), an invitation to a cicada to make music; cf. Gow and Page, vol. I (220) and vol. II (616-617). A further quotation from this epigram appears at kappa 2232. LaPenna theorized (93-112) that the rural setting and the singing cicada, among other thematic coincidences, showed that Meleager drew upon Plato, Phaedrus 229A-230C and 259 (web address 1) for inspiration. But there are also inconsistencies, such as the cicada's inebriation from drinking dewdrops, which appears to be novel in the epigram (Gow and Page, vol. II 616). Consequently, neither these authors (ibid.) nor Dorsey (138) were convinced by LaPenna's argument.
References:
Niese, B., ed. (1922) ”Excerpta ex Eudemi codice Parisino n. 2635," Philologus, suppl. 15.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
A. LaPenna, "Marginalia et Hariolationes Philologae," Maia 5 (1952)
D.F. Dorsey, "The Cicada's Song in Anthologia Palatina vii. 196," Classical Review 20 (June 1970) 137-139
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; imagery; meter and music; philosophy; poetry; rhetoric; zoology
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 28 August 1998@16:51:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 29 April 2002@09:57:11.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@06:03:50.
Catharine Roth (augmented notes, raised status) on 23 May 2008@11:10:31.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; another keyword) on 25 May 2008@06:49:49.
William Hutton (modified notes, typo, added keywords) on 22 July 2009@15:39:42.
David Whitehead (tweaked note; more keywords) on 8 January 2012@09:21:35.
William Hutton (updated reference) on 21 August 2013@10:12:23.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography items, added keywords) on 26 December 2018@22:23:10.

Headword: Agurrios
Adler number: alpha,385
Translated headword: Agyrrhios, Agyrrhius
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A proper name. [The man] who was slandered for weakness, that he actually breaks wind. Aristophanes in Plutus [says this]. And he was also ridiculed for over-boldness.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] Agyrrhios, an Athenian demagogue of some renown.[2]
Agyrrhios got away with having the beard of Pronomos.[3] The general Agyrrhios was effeminate.[4] He commanded in Lemnos,[5] and [he was the man] who curtailed the poets' fee.[6] But Pronomos was a piper with a great beard.[7]
Greek Original:
Agurrios: onoma kurion. hos epi malakiai diebeblêto hôs kai perdesthai auton. Aristophanês Ploutôi. ekômôideito de kai eis thrasutêta. kai Agurrios, dêmagôgos Athênaiôn ouk aphanês. Agurrios ton Pronomou pôgôn' echôn lelêthen. ho Agurrios stratêgos thêludriôdês, arxas en Lêmnôi, hos ton misthon tôn poiêtôn sunetemen. ho de Pronomos aulêtês ên megan pôgôna echôn.
Notes:
[1] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 176; cf. pi 1039. Aristophanes in fact writes that Agyrrhios' flatulence, and much else besides, was motivated by Wealth: *)agu/rrios d' ou)xi\ dia\ tou=ton [Wealth] pe/rdetai;
[2] Despite 'also' (which simply stems, here, from the incorporation of Harpokration s.v., commenting on Demosthenes 24.134), this is the same man, Agyrrhios of Kollytos (LGPN ii s.v. no.1). See generally Develin (1989) Index I no.44; Hansen (1989) p.34; P.J. Rhodes in OCD(4) s.v. (p.45).
[3] Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 102-3, with comment from the scholia there; cf. pi 2527.
[4] This adjective for effeminate derives from a word for 'hairdresser' and is also used for a type of kiss, and a type of melody. See kappa 912 (note 1), mu 134.
[5] For his generalship in 389/8 see Develin (1989) p.215. The demagogue Agyrrhios and the general here described are the same man; cf. already n.2.
[6] A measure not otherwise attested (amongst A's documented interest in fees: see the summary in Hansen (1989) p.34).
[7] For the Theban piper Pronomos see Geisau, RE XXIII, 748 (and pi 2527). He is depicted playing the double aulos on the so-called Pronomos krater (Web address 1).
References:
Develin, Robert: 1989: Athenian Officials 684-321 BC. Cambridge.
Hansen, Mogens Herman. 1989: "Rhetores and Strategoi in Fourth-Century Athens." In The Athenian Ecclesia II. Copenhagen. Pp. 25-72.
Stroud, Ronald S. 1998: The Athenian Tax Law of 374/3 B.C. Hesperia Supplement 29, Princeton NJ (American School of Classical Studies at Athens) See esp pp.18ff.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; economics; gender and sexuality; history; medicine; military affairs; meter and music; poetry; politics; rhetoric
Translated by: Debra Hamel on 12 August 1999@20:03:15.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added headword; augmented bibliography; cosmetics) on 29 September 2000@08:02:15.
Robert Dyer (Added note 4 and reference to Pronomus in Aristophanes. Cosmetics.) on 29 January 2002@15:00:15.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 27 May 2004@04:54:54.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmetics) on 17 August 2004@22:38:04.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 9 October 2005@11:09:41.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 27 November 2005@09:40:38.
David Whitehead (augmented n.2; another keyword; cosmetics) on 20 July 2011@04:55:36.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@03:01:13.

Headword: Agurtês
Adler number: alpha,388

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