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Headword: Tiberios
Adler number: tau,551
Translated headword: Tiberius
Vetting Status: high
son of Octavian;[1] emperor of [the] Romans. He managed his reign rashly and foolishly -- employing fearful cruelty and loathsome and lawless greed as well as shameful hedonism. For, while he refused all military authority, yet he greedily and eagerly brought war against his enemies through his subordinate commanders. And, as he was of bad character, he deceitfully prosecuted some of the allied kings and stole from their kingdoms. One of these, Archelaus,[2] was the king of the Cappadocians, and Tiberius summoned this man with wheedling and flattering words and then never let him return to his homeland but declared Cappadocia a province, and the largest of the cities there, which was then called Mazaka,[3] he instructed to take its name from him. This city, in fact, still in our day is named after Caesar. But nevertheless, when he had reached a great old age, he died.
Greek Original:
Tiberios, Oktabiou huios, basileus Rhômaiôn, emplêktôs kai anoêtôs tên archên diôikêsato, phoberai men ômotêti, musarai de kai athesmôi pleonexiai aischrai te hêdupatheiai chrêsamenos. strateian men gar hapasan autos êrnêsato, dia de tôn hupostratêgôn glischrôs kai rhaithumôs tois enantiois prospolemôn. kakoêthês de ôn estin hous tôn summachôn basileôn tôn oikeiôn archôn apatêi metelthôn apheileto: hôn Archelaos ên ho Kappadokôn basileus, hon êpiois kai therapeutikois kalesas hôs heauton logois, ouketi pros tên oikeian aponostêsai sunechôrêsen, all' eparchian tên Kappadokian apephêine kai tên megistên tôn têide poleôn Mazaka emprosthen hupo tôn epoikôn onomazomenên, aph' heautou pherein tên prosêgorian epetaxen: hêper dê kath' hêmas Kaisaros estin epônumos. es gêras de homôs makron proelthôn thnêskei.
Reigned 14-37 CE. See generally Barbara Levick in OCD(4) s.v., and again at tau 552. (Both entries draw on John of Antioch.) Garrett Fagan's De Imperatoribus Romanis entry may be found at web address 1.
[1] By adoption. For Octavian (T's predecessor, the emperor Augustus) see generally alpha 4412, kappa 1197.
[2] cf. Tacitus, Annals 2.42, 6.41 (web address 2)
[3] cf. Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 1.125 (web address 3)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: aetiology; biography; constitution; economics; ethics; historiography; history; law; military affairs
Translated by: Abram Ring on 17 February 2004@16:54:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 18 February 2004@03:43:09.
David Whitehead (corrected one of my x-refs) on 18 February 2004@03:44:11.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 18 February 2004@12:26:26.
David Whitehead (another of my own typos) on 19 February 2004@03:04:24.
Catharine Roth (added links) on 19 February 2004@19:48:40.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 13 January 2014@04:48:45.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@07:58:13.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 28 November 2014@00:03:07.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 14 August 2022@13:04:21.


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