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Headword: Parabalesthai
Adler number: pi,272
Translated headword: to betray, to deceive, to risk, to have thrown beside
Vetting Status: high
"But Judas,[1] being a daring man, chose to risk himself for his brother's salvation."[2] [Meaning] to attack robustly.
Also [sc. attested is] paraballo/menos ["throwing beside"], meaning approaching fearlessly. "He risking and crossing over to Dorimachus several times."[3]
Greek Original:
Parabalesthai: ho de Ioudas drastêrios ôn ekrinen huper tês tadelphou sôtêrias parabalesthai. tolmêrôs eperchesthai. kai Paraballomenos, anti tou adeôs erchomenos. ho de paraballomenos kai diabainôn pros ton Dôrimachon pleonakis.
The headword (already at pi 270 and pi 271), here unglossed, is the aorist middle infinitive of the verb paraba/llw, "I throw beside"; cf. LSJ s.v. See also pi 273, pi 277, pi 278, pi 281, pi 513.
[1] Judah, brother of Joseph: Genesis 35-49 passim.
[2] Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 2.139-140 (= Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, De virtutibus et vitiis [On Virtues and Vices] 1.31.21-2), where the present infinitive paraballe/sqai occurs (web address 1).
[3] Quoted approximately from Polybius 4.57.4 (web address 2); again under pi 273. The passage describes an Aetolian volunteer who frequented the Achaean city of Aegeira (modern Aigeira, Greece; cf. alphaiota 58, alphaiota 35 (end), and Barrington Atlas map 58 grid C1). Thereafter--impressed by the negligent, sleepy, and drunken guards--upon crossing the Gulf of Corinth he was coming before Dorimachus and urging him to attack the Aegeirans from the Aetolian base at Oiantheia (modern Tolofon, Greece; cf. pi 3072 (note) and Barrington Atlas map 55 grid C4). The attack, ultimately repulsed, took place during the Social War (220-217), in the spring of 219 (Walbank, p. 513). Dorimachus, of Trichonion (modern Gavalou, Greece; cf. Barrington Atlas map 55 grid B3), was a military commander beginning in 221 and elected general in the fall of 219 (Smith, pp. 1067-8).
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. I, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957
W. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. I, London: John Murray, 1880
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; politics; religion
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 23 August 2008@03:53:19.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and notes 1 & 2; added link) on 23 August 2008@14:39:30.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 24 August 2008@04:29:52.
David Whitehead on 29 August 2011@06:37:22.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 4 December 2014@10:40:46.
Catharine Roth (tweaked links) on 7 May 2021@17:57:34.


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