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Headword: Ozias
Adler number: omicron,68
Translated headword: Ozias, Uzziah
Vetting Status: high
Son of Amaziah, [...] good and just by nature and generous and diligent at foreseeing affairs and victorious over many enemies [...] and subduing everything up to the borders of the Egyptians, began finally to make his concern for Jerusalem; and he rebuilt all the walls that had been overthrown by time [...] and many towers one hundred and eight cubits high[1] and he fortified garrisons in the desert places, and dug many channels for water. [He had] an immense quantity of livestock.[2] Being a farmer,[3] he took great care of the earth. Of chosen soldiery he had 370 thousand, 2 thousand taxiarchs [and chiliarchs] and all kinds of armaments. Coming into such an array and preparation, he was corrupted in mind by arrogance and being puffed up with perishable substance he disregarded the immortal strength which suffices for all time: this was piety towards God and keeping the commandments. He fell because of prosperity and was carried towards his father's sins, to which the splendor of his good [fortune] and the greatness of his deeds led that man also, when he was not able to stand up well under them. When a notable day came with a feast for all the people, putting on a priestly robe he went into the precinct to offer incense to God at the golden altar. When the high priest Zachariah[4] and those who were with him from the family of Aaron shouted for him to go out and the eighty priests (for they said he was not permitted to sacrifice, but only those from the family of Aaron were allowed to do this) and not to transgress against God, he was angered and threatened them with death, if they did not hold their peace.
Greek Original:
Ozias, Amasiou huios, agathos kai dikaios tên phusin kai megalophrôn kai pronoêsai pragmatôn philoponôtatos kai pollous polemous nenikêkôs kai panta mechri tôn Aiguptiôn horôn cheirôsamenos tôn Hierosolumôn êrcheto poieisthai to loipon tên epimeleian: kai tôn teichôn hosa hupo chronou katebeblêto prosôikodomêse kai purgous pollous oktô pêcheôn kai hekaton kai phrourous eneteichise tois erêmois chôriois, kai pollous ochetous ôruxen hudatôn. ktênôn apeiron ti plêthos. geôrgos d' ôn sphodra tês gês epemeleito. stratias d' eichen epilektou muriadas z# kai l#, taxiarchas #22b# kai hopla pantoia. genomenos de en toiautêi suntaxei kai paraskeuêi diephtharê tên dianoian hupo tuphou kai chaunôtheis thnêtêi periousiai tês athanatou kai pros hapanta diarkous ton chronon ischuos ôligôrêsen: hautê d' ên hê pros ton theon eusebeia kai to têrein ta nomima. ôlisthe d' hup' eupraxias kai katênechthê pros ta tou patros hamartêmata, pros ha kakeinon hê tôn agathôn lamprotês kai to megethos tôn pragmatôn, ou dunêthenta prostênai kalôs autôn, êgagen. enstasês d' hêmeras episêmou kai pandêmon heortên echousês, endus hieratikên stolên eisêlthen eis to temenos, epithusiasôn epi tou chrusou bômou tôi theôi. tou de archiereôs Zachariou kai tôn ontôn sun autôi ex Aarôn genous kataboôntôn diexienai kai tôn ogdoêkonta hiereôn [ou gar exon epithuein eipon, monois d' epheitai touto poiein tois apo tou genous Aarôn], kai mê paranomein eis ton theon, orgistheis êpeilêsen autois thanaton, ei mê tên hêsuchian axousin.
Paraphrased and abridged from Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 216-224 (web address 1). See also omicron 69, which tells (from another source) what happened next.
[1] Josephus says, less absurdly, penth/konta phxw=n e(/kaston "fifty cubits each."
[2] "He had" (h)=n d' au)tw=| in Josephus) is missing from the Suda; manuscript G supplied ei)=xe, and M has in the margin zh/tei r(h=ma "it needs a verb."
[3] Josephus has gewrgiko/s "agriculturally inclined", not gewrgo/s.
[4] cf. zeta 23.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; architecture; biography; clothing; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; religion; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 4 November 2009@01:18:59.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 4 November 2009@03:09:54.
David Whitehead on 23 June 2013@05:11:30.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 30 June 2013@01:04:27.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 12 March 2016@11:15:10.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 25 December 2020@01:03:05.


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