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Headword: Athurma
Adler number: alpha,767
Translated headword: plaything
Vetting Status: high
A children's toy.[1]
Josephus [writes]: "who was a plaything of the king and was exhibited to be teased and laughed at during the drinking sessions".[2]
And elsewhere: "it is not the part of men to linger with playthings of children".[3]
Also in the Epigrams: "they stripped it and hung it up by the road as a plaything for Pan".[4] Meaning as a delight.
Cratinus in Odysseuses: "a novel plaything had been introduced".[5]
Greek Original:
Athurma: paignion. Iôsêpos. hos ên tou basileôs athurma kai pros ta skômmata kai tous en tois potois gelôtas epedeiknuto. kai authis: ouk estin andrôn athurmasin emphilochôrein paidiôn. kai en Epigrammasi: Pani de min xessantes hodôi epi kalon athurma kat- thesan. anti tou agalma. Kratinos Odusseusi: neochmon parêchthai athurma.
The headword is a neuter noun related to alpha 768 and alpha 769.
[1] Same glossing in Photius (Lexicon alpha492 and alpha493 Theodoridis) and elsewhere.
[2] Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 12.212 (web address 1 below) on Tryphon.
[3] Quotation unidentifiable; a proverb?
[4] Greek Anthology 6.37.3 (on an oak bough). The author is unknown. On this epigram, in which herdsmen have fashioned something out of an oak branch and dedicated it to Pan, see Page (381-382) and another extract from it at rho 316. Page argues that the object was most likely a statue (ibid.).
[5] Cratinus fr.145 Kock, now 152 K.-A.
D.L. Page, ed., Further Greek Epigrams, (Cambridge 1981)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; botany; children; comedy; daily life; definition; food; historiography; history; imagery; poetry; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 6 November 2000@00:13:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics) on 6 November 2000@05:22:34.
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 23 May 2002@05:35:08.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 16 November 2005@07:55:17.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 13 December 2005@05:29:08.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 22 January 2012@06:26:34.
Catharine Roth (fixed link) on 25 January 2012@01:24:29.
David Whitehead on 19 August 2013@07:16:17.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2014@04:21:46.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 3 May 2015@23:20:46.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 3 October 2018@22:22:17.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.4, added bibliography, added cross-reference) on 11 July 2023@21:17:23.


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