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Headword: *toco/ths
Adler number: tau,772
Translated headword: archer
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] servant. Aristophanes [writes]: "an archer support-speaker, just like Euathlos." Meaning a servant.[1]
[Also attested is the related verb] *tocopoiei=n ["to make into bow"].[2] "Don't frown, for it doesn't suit you to make your eyebrows into a bow." Meaning to frown; from what corresponds [sc. to that shape]; for such is the expression of those who are anxious. Homer [writes]: "nor was his forehead warmed on his dark eyebrows."[3] Sophocles on the contrary [writes]: "so that the face of Zeus might be warmed with joy."[4]
*toco/tou ["of an archer"]: [meaning] of a public servant, called a watcher [e)po/pths].[5]
Greek Original:
*toco/ths: u(phre/ths. *)aristofa/nhs: toco/ths sunh/goros, w(/sper *eu)/aqlos. a)nti\ tou= u(phre/ths. tocopoiei=n: mh\ skuqrw/paz': ou) ga\r pre/pei soi tocopoiei=n ta\s o)fru=s. a)nti\ tou= skuqrwpa/zein: a)po\ tou= parakolouqou=ntos: toiou=ton ga\r to\ pro/swpon tw=n e)n meri/mnh| o)/ntwn. *(/omhros: ou)de\ me/twpon e)p' o)fru/si kuane/h|sin i)a/nqh. *sofoklh=s kata\ to\ e)nanti/on: w(s a)\n *dio\s me/twpon i)a/nqh xara=|. *toco/tou: dhmosi/ou u(phre/tou, e)po/ptou kaloume/nou.
[1] From a scholion on Aristophanes, Acharnians 710; Aristophanes fr. 411 Kock. For the (Skythian) archers of classical Athens, see already tau 771. For Euathlos see epsilon 3367.
[2] This secondary headword is lacking, Adler reports, in mss AFV, but in G and M it introduces a separate entry. The material comes from Aristophanes, Lysistrata 7-8, with a scholion on verse 8.
[3] Homer, Iliad 15.102-3.
[4] Sophocles fr. 902 Radt (where however other versions give the verb as e)ktaqh|=).
[5] Aristophanes, Acharnians 707, with scholion; cf. omega 243.
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; geography; imagery; military affairs; mythology; religion; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 14 February 2014@23:26:15.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 14 February 2014@23:42:40.
Catharine Roth on 15 February 2014@01:15:03.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 16 February 2014@04:40:18.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 16 February 2014@08:16:03.


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