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Headword: Θεόκριτος
Adler number: theta,166
Translated headword: Theokritos, Theocritus
Vetting Status: high
Of Chios. Rhetor. Pupil of Metrodorus,[1] of the school of Isocrates.[2] He wrote Chreiai.[3] He was a political opponent of the historian Theopompus.[4] His history of Libya is extant, and remarkable letters. There is also another Theocritus,[5] the son of Praxagoras and Philinna (though others [say], of Simmichas); of Syracuse (though others [say] that he was from Cos and migrated to Syracuse). This man wrote the so-called Bucolics in the Doric dialect. Some also attribute to him the following works: Proetides; Hopes; hymns; funeral songs; elegies and iambi; epigrams.
Note that there were three Bucolic poets: this Theocritus, Moschus of Sicily,[6] and Bion of Smyrna (from an insignificant place called Phlosse).[7]
Greek Original:
Θεόκριτος, Χῖος, ῥήτωρ, μαθητὴς Μητροδώρου τοῦ Ἰσοκρατικοῦ. ἔγραψε Χρείας: ἀντεπολιτεύσατο δὲ Θεοπόμπῳ τῷ ἱστορικῷ. φέρεται αὐτοῦ ἱστορία Λιβύης καὶ ἐπιστολαὶ θαυμάσιαι. ἔστι καὶ ἕτερος Θεόκριτος, Πραξαγόρου καὶ Φιλίννης, οἱ δὲ Σιμμίχου: Συρακούσιος, οἱ δέ φασι Κῷον: μετῴκησε δὲ ἐν Συρακούσαις. οὗτος ἔγραψε τὰ καλούμενα Βουκολικὰ ἔπη Δωρίδι διαλέκτῳ. τινὲς δὲ ἀναφέρουσιν εἰς αὐτὸν καὶ ταῦτα: Προιτίδας, Ἐλπίδας, Ὕμνους, Ἡρωί̈νας, Ἐπικήδεια μέλη, ἐλεγείας καὶ ἰάμβους, ἐπιγράμματα. ἰστέον δὲ ὅτι τρεῖς γεγόνασι Βουκολικῶν ἐπῶν ποιηταί, Θεόκριτος οὑτοσί, Μόσχος Σικελιώτης καὶ Βίων ὁ Σμυρναῖος, ἔκ τινος χωριδίου καλουμένου Φλώσσης.
RE Theokritos(2); FGrH 760.
[1] RE Metrodoros (24).
[2] iota 652: Isocrates.
[3] Maxims: see generally LSJ s.v. χρεία , V.
[4] theta 172: Theopompus. On Theocritus and Theopompus, specifically, see M.A. Flower, Theopompus of Chios (Oxford 1994) 23-4 and 207-9.
[5] RE Theokritos(1); OCD4 Theocritus.
[6] mu 1278: Moschus.
[7] RE Bion(6); OCD4 Bion(2).
Keywords: biography; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; mythology; poetry; politics; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 13 June 2001@15:23:26.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keyword; cosmetics) on 14 June 2001@04:20:03.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@10:32:52.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 31 December 2012@08:42:00.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 3 January 2013@00:33:49.
David Whitehead (updated 2 refs) on 2 August 2014@10:52:56.


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