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Headword: Ὑπωπιάζω
Adler number: upsilon,652
Translated headword: I bruise, I mortify
Vetting Status: high
The [verb that means] I keep under observation.[1] [Formed] out of the [noun] ὑπώπια ,[2] which signifies the eyes.
The Apostle [sc. Paul] says:[3] "but I mortify my body, and I treat it as a slave."[4] That is, I exercise it in training with knowledge and prudence, towards the joint working of the best, and I do not have licentiousness in mind. And so he advises saying: "clothe yourselves with the lord Jesus and do not think about how to gratify the desires of the flesh."[5] [He was] not forbidding the rational and necessary care aimed at [self-]preservation, but gluttony, mother of intemperance; for it led to desires, plainly harmful and foolish ones. For one must not give such treatment to oneself, so as to show contempt for the soul, but in order to assist and serve its best pursuits. That is also what Plato says: one must take care of body [and] soul, for the sake of harmony, through which it is possible to live and to live rightly.[6]
But ὑποπιέζω ["I squash"] [is written] with a short 'o'.[7]
Greek Original:
Ὑπωπιάζω: τὸ ὑποτηρῶ. ἐκ τοῦ ὑπώπια, ὃ σημαίνει τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς. φησὶν ὁ Ἀπόστολος, ἀλλ' ὑπωπιάζω μου τὸ σῶμα, καὶ δουλαγωγῶ. τουτέστι πρὸς ἄσκησιν αὐτὸ μετ' ἐπιστήμης καὶ φρονήσεως γυμνάζω καὶ πρὸς τὴν τῶν κρειττόνων συνεργίαν, οὐ πρὸς ἀσέλγειαν προνοοῦμαι. ταύτῃ τοι καὶ παραινεῖ φάσκων, ἐνδύσασθε τὸν κύριον Ἰησοῦν καὶ τῆς σαρκὸς πρόνοιαν μὴ ποιεῖσθε εἰς ἐπιθυμίας: οὐ τὴν σύμμετρον καὶ ἀναγκαίαν ἐπιμέλειαν πρὸς σύστασιν ἀπαγορεύσας, ἀλλὰ τὴν ἀκολασίας μητέρα γαστριμαργίαν: ἐπήγαγε γάρ, εἰς ἐπιθυμίας, δηλαδὴ βλαβερὰς καὶ ἀνοήτους. οὐ γὰρ τοσαύτην αὐτῷ προσφέρειν δεῖ θεραπείαν, ὡς κατασκιρτᾶν τῆς ψυχῆς, ἀλλ' ἵνα συνεργῇ καὶ καθυπουργῇ τοῖς ἀρίστοις ἐκείνης ἐπιτηδεύμασι. τοῦτο καὶ ὁ Πλάτων φησίν: ἐπιμελεῖσθαι δεῖ σώματος ψυχῆς, εἵνεκα ἁρμονίας, δι' οὗ βιοῦν τε ἔστι καὶ ὀρθῶς βιοῦν. Ὑποπιέζω δὲ διὰ τοῦ ο μικροῦ.
[1] Similar glossing in some other lexica. (This sense of the headword verb -- in any spelling -- is not borne out by usage, however.)
[2] cf. generally upsilon 649, upsilon 650, and upsilon 651.
[3] This and what follows comes from George the Monk, Chronicon 359; cf. tau 540.
[4] First Epistle to the Corinthians 9.27 (web address 1); also quoted under alpha 4177.
[5] Epistle to the Romans 13.14 (web address 2).
[6] Based on Plato, Republic 9.591D (web address 3).
[7] See already upsilon 560.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; imagery; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 12 August 2010@20:47:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and aspects of tr; augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 13 August 2010@04:35:26.
David Whitehead on 26 April 2011@07:37:30.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr) on 22 May 2011@08:32:10.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links, coding) on 21 November 2012@01:36:04.
David Whitehead on 1 December 2013@05:46:40.


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