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Headword: Ὑπὸ μάλης
Adler number: upsilon,541
Translated headword: under arm
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] under armpit. The word occurs in the [sc. Attic] orators; and they always deploy it with the preposition; as [for instance] Demosthenes in the [speech] In Reply to Aphobos: "and what is more, not [merely] one or two people know these things, nor was the challenge made under arm but in the middle of the agora with many present".[1] Also Lysias in the [speech] In Reply to Kleinias: "since many were asleep, having equipped himself with as many bronze vessels as possible he took [them] out under arm, with a sword".[2] Thus the singular [is used] with a preposition. Many others also [use] the plural 'armpits', including Lysias in a letter: "and [he had] fine hair but shaggy armpits".[3]
Greek Original:
Ὑπὸ μάλης: ὑπὸ μασχάλης. κεῖται δὲ τὸ ὄνομα παρὰ τοῖς ῥήτορσιν: ἀεὶ δ' οὕτως αὐτὸ παραλαμβάνουσι μετὰ τῆς προθέσεως: ὡς Δημοσθένης ἐν τῷ πρὸς Ἄφοβον: ἀλλὰ μὴν οὐχ εἷς οὐδὲ δύο ταῦτ' ἴσασιν, οὐδ' ὑπὸ μάλης ἡ πρόκλησις γέγονεν, ἀλλ' ἐν τῇ ἀγορᾷ μέσῃ πολλῶν παρόντων. καὶ Λυσίας ἐν τῷ πρὸς Κλεινίαν: ἐπειδὴ πάντες κατέδαρθον, ἐσκευασμένος τῶν χαλκωμάτων, ὅσα οἷός τ' ἦν πλεῖστα, ὑπὸ μάλης λαβὼν ἐξήγαγε, ξίφος ἔχων. καὶ τὸ μὲν ἑνικὸν οὕτω μετὰ τῆς προθέσεως. τὸ δὲ πληθυντικὸν μασχάλας καὶ ἄλλοι πλεῖστοι, καὶ Λυσίας ἐν ἐπιστολῇ: καὶ τὴν μὲν κόμην ψιλήν, τὰς δὲ μασχάλας δασείας.
Similarly (but more briefly) in Photius upsilon223 Theodoridis, q.v. for other references.
cf. mu 273.
[1] Demosthenes 29.12.
[2] Lysias fr. 144 Sauppe (now 197 Carey OCT).
[3] Lysias fr. 255 Sauppe (now 453 Carey OCT).
Keywords: clothing; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; law; medicine; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 20 March 2006@07:31:56.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, set status) on 21 March 2006@21:37:38.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 22 March 2006@03:53:38.
David Whitehead on 28 November 2013@06:36:15.


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