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Headword: Ὑπερμαζᾷ
Adler number: upsilon,321
Translated headword: is stuffed with barley-bread
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning he/she/it] is excessively extravagant, is rich, is wanton.[1]
"The Gauls, surprised that the Romans were there-and-then stuffed with barley-bread and were throwing away bread because of their extravagance, made peace."[2]
And elsewhere: "stuffed with barley-bread and putting gold even on
his door handles, he who previously happened to be a slave."[3]
Greek Original:
Ὑπερμαζᾷ: ὑπερτρυφᾷ, πλουτεῖ, στρηνιᾷ. οἱ δὲ Γαλάται καταπλαγέντες, ὡς ὑπερμαζώντων αὐτόχρημα τῶν Ῥωμαίων καὶ διὰ τὴν τρυφὴν ῥιπτούντων τοὺς ἄρτους, ἐσπείσαντο. καὶ αὖθις: ὁ δὲ ὑπερμαζῶν [καὶ ζῶν] καὶ χρυσίῳ βάλλων καὶ τὰς κορώνας, ὁ πρότερον δοῦλος τυγχάνων.
Notes:
[1] Same or similar glossing in other lexica; references at Photius upsilon125 Theodoridis. The headword -- present indicative active, third person singular, of ὑπερμάζω -- is evidently quoted from somewhere (and is nowadays, in fact, regustered as a contextless fragment of Attic comedy: Comica adespota 546 K.-A.). As is clear from the present entry, the verb has both a literal and a figurative sense.
[2] This quotation -- concerning, as Bernhardy realised, a celebrated episode during the Gallic sack of Rome (cf. Valerius Maximus 7.4.3) -- was attributed by Angelo Mai to Cassius Dio, but Favuzzi [see under alpha 1518] 53 claims it for Aelian; the clue is the adverb αὐτόχρημα , a favourite of his.
[3] Quotation (in which Adler, following Kuster, omits καὶ ζῶν after ὑπερμάζων ), and individual, unidentifiable. (Adler suggested Eunapius, on no discernible basis.)
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; historiography; history; imagery; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 23 April 2010@14:53:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 25 April 2010@05:59:03.
David Whitehead (expanded notes; another keyword) on 7 February 2011@07:26:13.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2) on 9 October 2011@07:01:21.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; another keyword) on 24 November 2013@04:22:46.
David Whitehead (coding etc.) on 30 May 2016@04:07:44.

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