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Headword: Ὑπαίθριον
Adler number: upsilon,175
Translated headword: in the open, in public, under the sky
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] under the [sc. open] air. And ὕπαιθρον [sc. is used] similarly.[1]
Eunapius [writes]: "both Maximus[2] and Priscus[3] had a share of wisdom, but the scarcest experience in government and public affairs."[4] And elsewhere: "as if he had fought some public and lawful battle".[5] That is, a conspicuous [one].
Also [sc. attested is] ὕπαιθρος .[6]
Greek Original:
Ὑπαίθριον: ὑπὸ τὸν ἀέρα. καὶ ὕπαιθρον ὁμοίως. Εὐνάπιος: Μάξιμός τε καὶ Πρίσκος λόγου μὲν μετεχέτην, τῆς δὲ τῶν κοινῶν καὶ ὑπαίθρων πραγμάτων πείρας ἐλάχιστον. καὶ αὖθις: ὡς ἂν ὕπαιθρόν τινα καὶ ἔννομον ἀγωνισάμενος μάχην. τουτέστι προφανῆ. καὶ Ὕπαιθρος.
Notes:
The headword (a single word in the Greek), evidently quoted from somewhere, is the neuter nominative/vocative/accusative singular or masculine/feminine accusative singular of the two-ending adjective ὑπαίθριος, -ον ; see generally LSJ s.v. The quotations appended contain instances of an alternative spelling of the adjective [n.1], first in the genitive plural and then in the accusative singular.
[1] The headword is identically glossed in the Synagoge (upsilon35), Photius' Lexicon (upsilon68 Theodoridis), and Etymologicum Magnum 777.45; cf. e.g. Thomas Magister, Ecloga 367.4, and Hesychius upsilon223. The alternative spelling also appears at alphaiota 148 (gloss).
[2] The Neoplatonist philosopher Maximus of Ephesus (d.o.b. uncertain; died 370 CE) pursued Aristotelian logic and wrote a commentary, now apparently lost, on Aristotle's Categories; cf. mu 174 and see OCD(4) s.v. Maximus(3).
[3] Priscus of Panium in Thrace (born 410-430; died after ?375) was an eastern Roman historian, rhetorician, emissary, and functionary; cf. pi 2301 and see OCD(4) s.v.
[4] Eunapius fr. 19 FHG (4.22); Blockley, Eunapius fr. 25.4 (vol. II, pp. 36-37). The political assessment is inaccurate, at least in regard to Priscus: the Thracian scholar in fact assumed numerous civic and diplomatic responsibilities (Blockley vol. I, pp. 48-70).
[5] The attribution of this quotation is uncertain. With the preceding one, it appears within Eunapius fr.19 FHG (4.22) and enjoys a fuller context at nu 244, where it is approximately repeated. While there is plausible syntactical evidence that it is genuinely Eunapian (Boissonade & Wyttenbach, p. 537), the interpretation hinges on the Suda passages themselves (upsilon 175 and nu 244), which are curiously not explicit about the passage's author. So room for skepticism remains, and Blockley (vol. II, pp. 36-7, p. 486) omits this quotation from his selection of Eunapian fragments.
[6] The masculine (and feminine) nominative singular of the headword's alternative spelling. For comparison, Adler cites Lexicon Ambrosianum 100.
References:
Blockley, R.C. The Fragmentary Classicising Historians of the Later Roman Empire: Eunapius, Olympiodorus, Priscus and Malchus. Vol. II. Liverpool: Francis Cairns, 1983.
J.F. Boissonade and D.F. Wyttenbach, Eunapii Sardiani: Vitae Sophistarum et Fragmenta Historiarum, Amsterdam: P. den Hengst & Son, 1822.
Keywords: biography; constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; imagery; law; military affairs; philosophy; politics; rhetoric
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 19 June 2008@06:26:53.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 19 June 2008@08:01:36.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 19 June 2008@21:02:57.
David Whitehead (typo) on 22 June 2008@04:48:06.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 21 November 2013@03:58:02.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@06:30:30.
Aaron Baker (Corrected Blockley citation.) on 15 September 2014@22:33:03.
Aaron Baker (In translation, replaced "enjoyed" by "had.") on 15 September 2014@22:35:20.
David Whitehead (coding) on 30 May 2016@03:27:00.

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