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Headword: Θωρήξασθαι
Adler number: theta,441
Translated headword: to arm oneself, to get drunk
Vetting Status: high
Being armed and drinking and getting drunk [are called] θωρήξασθαι . Since the chest [is] also θώραξ ['corslet'].[1] On account of heating the chest, therefore, they call getting drunk θωρήσσειν : they also call drunken men ἀκρομεθύσους . Anacreon also uses the expression. He says, "to me also raise the pitcher," which he calls θώρακα :[2] so θωρακισθῆναι [is] as if [to say] making the corselet full.[3]
So θωρήξομαι means I will get drunk: and θώρηξις ['drinking to intoxication'], drunkenness, or the damage caused by wine.[4]
Greek Original:
Θωρήξασθαι: θωρήξασθαί ἐστι τὸ καθοπλισθῆναι καὶ τὸ πίνειν καὶ τὸ μεθυσθῆναι. ἐπειδὴ θώραξ καὶ τὸ στῆθος. διὰ τὸ θερμαίνειν οὖν τὸ στῆθος θωρήσσειν λέγουσι τὸ μεθύειν: καὶ ἀκροθώρηκας τοὺς ἀκρομεθύσους ἐκάλουν. κέχρηται δὲ τῇ λέξει καὶ Ἀνακρέων. ἐξαίρειν, φησί, κἀμοὶ τὸν χοᾶ, ὃν καλεῖ θώρακα: ὥστε θωρακισθῆναι οἷον τὸν θώρακα πληρῶσαι. Θωρήξομαι οὖν ἀντὶ τοῦ μεθυσθήσομαι: καὶ Θώρηξις, ἡ μέθη, ἢ ἡ ἀπὸ οἴνου γινομένη βλάβη.
The headword, an aorist middle infinitive, appears to be extracted from the scholion quoted; see below.
[1] cf. theta 439, theta 440.
[2] Anacreon fr. 147.
[3] Aristophanes, Acharnians 1133 (where the verb is used in both senses: web address 1), with scholion; cf. scholion on Aristophanes, Wasps 1195, and Etymologicum Magnum 460.36.
[4] cf. scholion on Nicander, Alexipharmaca 32; also ps.-Herodian and other lexica.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; imagery; medicine; military affairs; poetry
Translated by: Ryan Stone on 29 February 2008@15:52:46.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, added keywords) on 1 March 2008@20:55:44.
Catharine Roth (more tweaks, notes, keywords, link, status) on 1 March 2008@22:27:46.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 2 March 2008@04:23:15.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 6 January 2013@04:35:22.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 11 December 2018@01:37:43.


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