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Headword: Speirai
Adler number: sigma,933
Translated headword: coils, twists, ropes, maniples
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] units of armies, phalanxes, numbers, legion.[1]
Also [called] spei=rai are the twistings-together of cordage. And [there is] a proverb: "rope as well as cord," [meaning] the most critical.[2]
Also [called] spei=rai are the coils of a snake.[3]
And Aelian [writes]: "but the serpent had gathered the dead in its twists and was guarding them unharmed, lest either any of the land-animals or of the birds approach to maltreat [them]."[4] Meaning in its coils.
Also [attested is the related adverb] speirhdo/n ["in/with coils, in maniples"], [meaning] in a braided manner.[5]
Also [attested is the related noun] spei/rhma, [meaning] the coiling of the snake.[6]
Greek Original:
Speirai: plêthê strateumatôn, phalanges, noumera, legeôn. Speirai kai hai sustrophai tou schoiniou. kai paroimia: Epi speirai schoinion, to anankaiotaton. Speirai kai hoi holkoi tou opheôs. kai Ailianos: ho de drakôn tais speirais tous nekrous sunagagôn ephulatten apatheis, hôs an mête ti tôn chersaiôn, mête mên tôn ptênôn epi lumêi proselthoi. anti tou tois holkois. kai Speirêdon, parapeplegmenôs. kai Speirêma, to tou opheôs eiligma.
Notes:
[1] The headword is used to translate Latin manipulus 'maniple': see LSJ s.v. II, and already sigma 931. Same or similar glossing in other lexica (references at Photius sigma447 Theodoridis).
[2] LSJ s.v. I.A.3; and see already at epsilon 2598.
[3] See LSJ s.v. I.A.2.
[4] Aelian fr. 85c Domingo-Forasté (82 Hercher).
[5] Same gloss in other lexica, and cf. also the scholia to Oppian, Halieutica 1.516, from where it is probably quoted.
[6] Ionic equivalent of Attic spei/rama, which appears as a gloss at mu 981. Same or similar glossing in other lexica.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; military affairs; poetry; proverbs; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 18 April 2012@23:07:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 22 April 2012@04:30:42.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 31 December 2013@06:38:34.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 5 April 2014@02:01:58.

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