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Headword: Σκληραύχενας
Adler number: sigma,637
Translated headword: stiff-necked
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning they which are] inflexible.[1]
Aelian [writes]: "the harsh and hateful winds suddenly abated, and the waves became smooth."[2]
And [there is] a saying: "barking more harshly than an Epirote dog he inflicted misfortunes and went mad."[3]
Greek Original:
Σκληραύχενας: ἀκαμπεῖς. Αἰλιανός: οἱ ἄνεμοι οἱ σκληροί τε καὶ ἐχθροὶ παραχρῆμα ἐκόπασαν, τὸ δὲ κῦμα ἐστορέσθη. καὶ παροιμία: σκληρότερον ὑλακτῶν Ἠπειρώτου κυνὸς συμφορὰς προσετρίβετο καὶ ἐμεμήνει.
Notes:
[1] The headword is accusative plural of the rare adjective σκληραύχην (properly applied to unmanageable horses but also used figuratively). It must be quoted from somewhere -- perhaps from Philo Judaeus, Questions on Genesis fr. 41 (one of several instances of the adjective in Ph.). Same gloss in the Synagoge and Photius.
[2] Aelian fr. 87c Domingo-Forasté (84 Hercher); cf. epsilon 3230. This passage and the following illustrate the simple adjective σκληρός , not the compound which is the headword. See also sigma 635, sigma 636.
[3] A close approximation of Synesius, On Providence 1.4 (PG 66.1217cd); he places 'went mad' first and has a singular 'misfortune'. (This entire sentence can hardly be a paroimia; rather, the lexicographer must mean that Synesius incorporated one; cf. generally kappa 2730.)
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; imagery; medicine; mythology; proverbs; religion; rhetoric; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 4 April 2012@19:24:15.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 5 April 2012@03:39:48.
David Whitehead on 5 April 2012@03:40:21.
David Whitehead on 29 December 2013@09:10:31.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 April 2014@02:20:17.

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