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Headword: *shmai/a
Adler number: sigma,314
Translated headword: maniple
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A formation of troops[1] by means of which Herakleion[2] was captured in a particular way. Since on one side the city had a low wall of no great extent, the Romans picked out three maniples. In the first the men held their shields over their heads and closed up, so that the density of the shields created something akin to a tiled roof. The other two in succession [did the same].
Greek Original:
*shmai/a: ta/cis polemikh/, di' h(=s to\ *(hra/kleion h(/lw i)di/an tina\ a(/lwsin. e)xou/shs th=s po/lews e)f' e(no\s me/rous e)p' o)li/gon to/pon tapeino\n tei=xos, oi( *(rwmai=oi trei=s shmai/as proexeiri/santo, kai\ th=| me\n prw/th| tou\s qureou\s u(pe\r th=s kefalh=s poih/santes sune/fracan, w(/ste th=| tw=n o(/plwn pukno/thti keramwtw=| katarru/tw| gi/nesqai paraplh/sion. e)fech=s de\ e(/terai du/o.
Notes:
Polybius 28.11.1-2 on events of 170 BCE (web address 1).
[1] The Greek shmai/a (or shmei/a) is in general terms the Latin maniple; but in the passage about to be quoted, three of them become, specifically, a testudo ("tortoise").
[2] On the western shore of the Thermaic Gulf in northern Greece; Barrington Atlas map 50 grid C4; present-day Platamon.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: architecture; definition; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; science and technology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 1 November 2001@03:38:02.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (changed a word, added a link, set status) on 11 December 2004@20:01:30.
David Whitehead (augmented n.2) on 12 December 2004@05:08:57.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 17 August 2011@08:15:40.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2013@08:06:53.

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