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Headword: Saurôtêrsi
Adler number: sigma,160
Translated headword: by prongs; with prongs
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning by/with] the spikes, those at the back of the spears.[1]
"He killed with a sharpened prong."[2]
And "quickly turning his horse back toward the fallen man he stabs him through the neck with the prong."[3]
Or a polished spear, or spike, which some call a tail-point.[4]
[sc. So called] from the fact that the spear is implanted upon it, being a sort of implanting implement.[5]
Greek Original:
Saurôtêrsi: tois sturaxi, tois opisthen tôn doratôn. ektane thêktôi saurôtêri. kai tachu peristrepsas ton hippon eis ton pesonta paiei tôi saurôtêri dia tou trachêlou. ê xuston doru, ê sturax, hon enioi kalousin ouriachon. para to staurousthai ep' autou to doru, staurôtêr tis ôn.
The primary headword, a dative plural, was not identified by Adler but is taken to be quoted from Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 3.109. For saurwth/r cf. omicron 949, sigma 1261, and see generally LSJ s.v.: 'ferrule or spike at the butt-end of a spear, by which it was stuck into the ground'.
[1] = Synagoge sigma31, Photius, Lexicon sigma100 Theodoridis (with other references there); cf. Hesychius sigma281 where the headword appears in the nominative plural, although the gloss remains dative. Adler also cites the unedited lexicon of Codex Laurentianus 59.16. See also Pollux 10.143.
[2] An abridgement of Greek Anthology 6.110.2-3 (Leonidas of Tarentum or Mnasalcas), with the dative singular of the headword.
[3] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta of Constantine Porphyrogenitus) unidentifiable. Here also the headword appears in the dative singular.
[4] cf. omicron 949 (= Hesychius omicron1852), sigma 1261; Glossae in Herodotum sigma17.
[5] This etymological note reflects the resemblance of the headword to the word for 'be implanted' (staurou=sqai); cf. Orion [Author, Myth] 141.27. This part of the entry is found in the margin of ms A in the earlier hand, but is absent from the other mss.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs; poetry; science and technology; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 16 October 2013@15:29:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 October 2013@03:49:42.
David Whitehead on 22 December 2013@08:19:20.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 October 2014@00:48:34.
David Whitehead (coding) on 25 May 2016@09:22:57.


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