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Headword: Ῥύσια
Adler number: rho,308
Translated headword: sureties
Vetting Status: high
Also [sc. attested is the related verb] ῥυσιάζω ["I treat as a pledge"].
"They say that [Polychares] killed the young man and seized the city."[2] Meaning took pledges [sc. in reprisal].
Josephus [writes]: "for taking a pledge from the enemy and assembling a large body of cavalry he sends it against them near Diospolis."[3]
"So that Odysseus might have the wooden statue as a surety in Ithaca."[4]
And the tragedy [says]: "I will pay [death as] a surety of death, alas."[5]
Greek Original:
Ῥύσια: ἐνέχυρα. καὶ Ῥυσιάζω. φασὶ δὲ τὸν νεανίσκον ἀνελεῖν καὶ τὴν πόλιν ῥυσιάζειν. ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐνέχυρα λαμβάνειν. Ἰώσηπος: πρῶτον μὲν γὰρ ῥύσιον τῶν πολεμίων ἄγων καὶ πολὺ συγκροτήσας ἱππικὸν ἐπαφίησιν αὐτοὺς περὶ Διόσπολιν. ὅπως ἔχοι τὸ ξόανον ῥύσιον ἐν Ἰθάκῃ ὁ Ὀδυσσεύς. καὶ ἡ τραγῳδία: φόνου δὲ ῥύσιον τίσω τάλας.
[1] Neuter plural(s). Same gloss in Photius, cf. Hesychius and scholia on Homer, Iliad 11.673, and Sophocles, Philoctetes 959. See also rho 309.
[2] Diodorus Siculus 8.7.6 (via Excerpta Constantiniana EV I 214.11-12), on an episode in early Peloponnesian history (for which see also Pausanias 4.4.4ff): Euaiphnos the Spartan has killed the son of Polychares the Messenian, and P. here retaliates.
[3] Josephus, Jewish War 1.366 (web address 1). This is the Diospolis (formerly Lydda) in Palestine, not the Egyptian one mentioned under delta 429 and mu 143.
[4] Quotation unidentifiable.
[5] Sophocles, Philoctetes 959 (web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; mythology; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 24 October 2010@01:33:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 24 October 2010@04:48:22.
David Whitehead on 25 August 2011@06:35:09.
Philip Rance on 25 January 2012@17:04:35.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 25 January 2012@18:27:41.


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