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Headword: Ῥόμβον
Adler number: rho,222
Translated headword: whirling, whirrer, roundel
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] motion, or a roller.[1]
In the Epigrams: "trapping the roundel of tunnies with flax-nets of well spun linen in the grayish approaches of the sea."[2]
Also attested is a 'rhombus-shaped' [military] formation, and the iron part of a warship.[3]
Greek Original:
Ῥόμβον: κίνησιν, ἢ κύλινδρον. ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: θύννον εὐκλώστοιο λίνου βυσσώμασι ῥόμβον φράξαντες, γλαυκαῖς ἐν παρόδοις πελάγευς. καὶ Ῥομβώδης παράταξις λέγεται, καὶ τῆς νηὸς τὸ πολεμικὸν σιδήριον.
Notes:
The headword is in the accusative case, evidently quoted from somewhere (perhaps, though not necessarily, the quotation given).
[1] Same or similar glossing in other lexica; references at Photius rho153 Theodoridis. For 'motion' cf. already rho 221. For 'cylinder' see again under rho 223.
[2] Greek Anthology 6.33.3-4 (Maccias), a dedication of nets by fishermen to Priapus; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 280-283; and vol. II, 313) and further extracts from this epigram at alpha 4532, beta 597, pi 2275, sigma 22, and phi 258.
[3] Material (lacking, Adler reports, in mss APV) from epsilon 953.
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; imagery; military affairs; poetry; religion; rhetoric; science and technology; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 22 September 2010@07:04:01.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 22 September 2010@15:17:27.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note) on 23 September 2010@03:17:04.
David Whitehead on 25 August 2011@04:27:58.
David Whitehead on 29 October 2013@06:48:39.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keywords) on 27 November 2018@23:38:22.

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