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Headword: Ῥόθιον
Adler number: rho,218
Translated headword: crashing, dashing
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning moving] with a certain impulse and rush.[1] Josephus [writes]: "riding a horse crashing out of the flank he seizes one of the enemy in flight."[2]
And elsewhere: "he shakes the cavalry on them in a mass, and they were frightened by it, not enduring the crashing."[3]
That is, the momentum and speed with noise.[4]
It is called ῥόθιον from the noise [ῥόθος ] which is heard from the oars, when they row vigorously.[5]
Greek Original:
Ῥόθιον: σὺν ὁρμῇ τινι καὶ ῥύμῃ. Ἰώσηπος: ῥόθιον ἐκ πλαγίου παρελαύνων ἵππον ἁρπάζει τινὰ φεύγοντα τῶν πολεμίων. καὶ αὖθις: ἐνσείει αὐτοῖς τὴν ἵππον ἀθρόαν, οἱ δὲ διεσοβήθησαν ὑπ' αὐτῆς, οὐκ ἐνεγκόντες τὸ ῥόθιον. τουτέστι τὸ ὁρμητικὸν καὶ ὀξύρροπον μετὰ ἤχου. Ῥόθιον καλεῖται παρὰ τὸν ῥόθον τὸν ἐκ τῶν κωπῶν ἀκουόμενον, ὅταν σφοδρῶς ἐλαύνωσιν.
Notes:
See already rho 217, and cf. rho 216.
[1] cf. rho 220.
[2] A excerpt, with slight modification, of Josephus, Jewish War 6.161 (the original has 'the/his horse' rather than 'a horse'). A looser paraphrase of the same passage is give at sigma 1098; cf. also tau 691.
[3] Quotation (already in part at epsilon 1431) unidentifiable.
[4] cf. rho 220. The present phrase seems to be proffered as a gloss on the quotation just given, but it also has parallels in the scholia on Homer, Odyssey 5.412 (where a crashing wave is mentioned); see also Hesychius s.v. and Etymologicum Magnum 705.10.
[5] From Harpokration (and Photius) s.v., glossing Hyperides fr. 157 Jensen, and going on to cite Aristophanes and Thucydides.
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 7 October 2010@01:31:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 7 October 2010@03:19:06.
David Whitehead (tweaks to tr and notes; expanded n.4) on 7 October 2010@07:42:51.
David Whitehead (expanded n.5; more keywords) on 13 July 2011@07:35:24.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 29 October 2013@06:38:33.
William Hutton (tweaked translation, augmented n. 2) on 7 April 2014@12:21:36.
David Whitehead (coding) on 25 May 2016@07:17:44.

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