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Headword: Ῥόθιον
Adler number: rho,217
Translated headword: roaring, dashing
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The wave with a noise; or a flow [ῥεῦμα ].
From flowing [ῥεῖν ] swiftly.[1]
It also means rowing. Also [sc. attested is the verb] ῥοθιάζειν ["to make a dashing noise"], to row vigorously.[2]
"But falling into the sea they were carried by the dashing [wave]."[3]
And again: "raise the great roar [of applause] for him."[4]
Hyperides has used the [word] ῥόθιος in reference to very intense rowing. So he says, "they were panic-stricken at the multitude of those rowing and the roar of their oar-strokes and the size of the ship."[5]
"The crashing of oar-strokes and the neighing of horses echoed against each other": Arrian says this.[6] And elsewhere the same [writes]: "cruising past one row of hoplites holding their shields before them, with much crashing and at the same time with all kinds giving orders together very close to the bridge/platform which had constantly been created."[7]
And elsewhere [sc. the phrase occurs]: "the crashing of the oar-strokes."[8]
Greek Original:
Ῥόθιον: τὸ μετὰ ψόφου κῦμα: ἢ ῥεῦμα. παρὰ τὸ ταχέως ῥεῖν. σημαίνει καὶ τὴν εἰρεσίαν. καὶ ῥοθιάζειν, τὸ ἐρέσσειν εὐτόνως. οἱ δὲ ἐς τὴν θάλασσαν ἐμπίπτοντες τοῦ ῥοθίου ἐνεφοροῦντο. καὶ αὖθις: αἴρεσθ' αὐτῷ πολὺ τὸ ῥόθιον. Ὑπερίδης τῷ ῥοθίῳ ἐπ' εἰρεσίας κέχρηται συντονωτάτης. φησὶν οὖν: τὸ μὲν οὖν τῶν ἐλαυνόντων πλῆθος, καὶ τὸν τοῦ ῥοθίου ψόφον, καὶ τὸ μέγεθος τοῦ σκάφους ἐκπεπληγμένοι δεινῶς ἦσαν. κτύπος τε ῥοθίου καὶ χρεμετισμὸς ἵππων ἀλλήλοις ἀντεπατάγει: φησὶν Ἀρριανός: καὶ αὖθις ὁ αὐτός: στοῖχον ἕνα ὁπλιτῶν προβεβλημένων τὰς ἀσπίδας, πολλῷ τῷ ῥοθίῳ καὶ ἅμα ξυγκελευομένῳ παντοίῳ ἐν χρῷ τοῦ ἀεὶ ἐμπεποιημένου ζεύγματος παραπλέουσαι. καὶ αὖθις: τῆς εἰρεσίας τὸ ῥόθιον.
Notes:
[1] The first part of this gloss is paralleled in other lexica; the whole, in a scholion on Aristophanes, Knights 546 (see below). See also rho 218.
[2] Same gloss in Photius; and cf. rho 216.
[3] Agathias, Histories 2.2, quoted already in part at kappa 1109.
[4] Aristophanes, Knights 546 (web address 1).
[5] Hyperides fr. 157 Jensen, from the lost speech Concerning Polyeuktos' bid to be general. Unusually, this Suda entry is fuller than Harpokration s.v., which does not include the quotation. In the phrase that introduces it here, Bernhardy attractively suggested φησὶ γοῦν for the transmitted φησὶν οὖν . (For parallels see e.g. under nu 86.)
[6] Arrian, Parthica fr. 62.
[7] Arrian, Parthica fr. 57. The text is uncertain, notably as regards the word transmitted as a participle in the dative singular, ξυγκελευομένῳ "giving orders together" or (in ms G) ξυμπορευομένῳ "advancing together". Roos prints his own emendation to the noun ξυγκελευσμῷ ("orders being given together/at the same time" -- unattested elsewhere, but derived from the verb συγκελεύω /ξυγκελεύω which occurs in Thucydides), and Jacoby follows this for FGrH 156 F165. Jacoby also prints, as the final word, the indicative παραπλέουσι (from mss GM), rather than Adler's feminine participle παραπλέουσαι , from A. The latter would presumably have 'ships' implicit in it, which does not seem right here. LSJ s.v. παραπλέω notes the figurative sense 'escape' but cites only an instance in Attic comedy for it; the present passage would seem to be another.
[8] Evidently quoted from somewhere, but attested only here.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; rhetoric; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 6 October 2010@01:35:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded nn.5 and 7; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 October 2010@03:52:46.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; another attempt at n.7) on 6 October 2010@09:39:07.
David Whitehead (another note) on 6 October 2010@10:22:35.
Catharine Roth (augmented note 7) on 6 October 2010@15:39:17.
David Whitehead on 25 August 2011@09:41:19.
David Whitehead (coding) on 21 June 2016@06:31:19.

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