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Headword: Ῥοθιάζουσιν
Adler number: rho,216
Translated headword: they guttle; they row noisily
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] they rush in a throng and with a resounding noise and they eat. Aristophanes [writes]: "how they guttle, o much-esteemed Heracles, like Tragasaean pigs." [sc. The adjective comes] from eating [τρώγειν ]. Or from a city.[1]
But ῥοθιάζειν [sc. also means] rowing hard. Aristophanes in Babylonians says "row hard for the shore".[2] And elsewhere: "when with the oar-beats a ship speeds under ordered control."[3]
Greek Original:
Ῥοθιάζουσιν: ἀθρόως καὶ μετὰ κτύπου φωνῆς ὁρμῶσι καὶ ἐσθίουσιν. Ἀριστοφάνης: οἷον ῥοθιάζουσιν, ὦ πολυτίμηθ' Ἡράκλεις, ὡς τραγασαῖα τὰ χοίρια. ἀπὸ τοῦ τρώγειν. ἢ ἀπὸ πόλεως. Ῥοθιάζειν δὲ τὸ ἐρέσσειν εὐτόνως. Ἀριστοφάνης Βαβυλωνίοις, κατάγου ῥοθιάζων, φησί. καὶ πάλιν: ναῦς ὅταν ἐκ πιτύλων ῥοθιάζῃ σώφρονι κόσμῳ.
Notes:
cf. generally rho 215, rho 217, rho 218, rho 219, rho 220. See also Photius rho413 Theodoridis (s.v. ῥόθιον ), Hesychius s.v. ῥοθιάζειν , and Eustathius' comment on Homer, Odyssey 5.412. The word is attested further in ancient comedy (Cratinus fr. 332 K.-A., Hermippus fr. 54 K.-A.). According to Polyaenus 4.7.6, the technical term for rowing hard was ῥοθίῳ τῇ εἰρεσίᾳ πλεῖν .
[1] An abbreviated version of Aristophanes, Acharnians 807-8 (web address 1), with comment from the scholia there. Modern scholars see no reason to choose between these alternatives: this is wordplay involving both the verb τρώγειν , or more exactly τραγεῖν , and the city of Tragasai in the Troad (sic: LSJ s.v. wrongly says Epirus, a misreading of Hellanicus ap. Steph. Byz).
[2] Aristophanes fr. 85 K.-A. (83 Kock).
[3] Aristophanes fr. 86 K.-A. (84 Kock).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; imagery; military affairs; zoology
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 8 May 2007@18:31:44.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, keyword, status) on 8 May 2007@23:55:11.
David Whitehead (modified headword and tr; augmented notes and keywords) on 9 May 2007@04:13:48.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 22 September 2010@00:41:10.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 25 August 2011@09:39:04.
David Whitehead on 29 October 2013@06:31:25.

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