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Headword: Ψευδόπτωμα
Adler number: psi,56
Translated headword: false fall
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Aristophanes [writes]: "if somehow they should fall on the shoulder in some fight, they would have wiped this off." [sc. He says this] because of their appearing not to have fallen. This kind of wrestling-move they call ψευδόπτωμα ["false fall"]. What he is saying is something like this: our ancestors, even if they were defeated, challenged the defeat; and for the victors, [if] defeated the second time, there was nothing more than the first penalty.[1]
Greek Original:
Ψευδόπτωμα: Ἀριστοφάνης: εἰ δέ που πέσοιεν εἰς τὸν ὦμον ἐν μάχῃ τινί, τοῦτ' ἀπεψήσαντ' ἄν. διὰ τὸ μὴ φαίνεσθαι πεπτωκέναι. τὸ δὲ εἶδος τοῦ παλαίσματος ψευδόπτωμα καλοῦσιν. ὃ δὲ λέγει, τοιοῦτόν ἐστιν: ὅτι οἱ πρόγονοι, εἰ καὶ ἡττήθησαν, τὴν ἧτταν ἀνεκαλοῦντο: καὶ τοῖς νενικηκόσιν, ἡττηθεῖσιν ἐκ δευτέρου, πλέον τῆς προτέρας δίκης οὐδὲν ἦν.
Notes:
Aristophanes, Knights 571-2 (web address 1), with scholion thereto (which uses the present headword); cf. alpha 3110.
[1] The scholion (and mss GI, Adler reports) has 'the first victory'.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; athletics; chronology; comedy; definition; imagery; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 27 December 2005@16:25:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; x-ref) on 29 December 2005@03:39:20.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 29 December 2005@15:44:00.
David Whitehead (typo; another keyword; cosmetics) on 23 April 2010@06:39:55.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks) on 5 August 2011@05:12:53.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 5 August 2011@08:04:41.
David Whitehead on 5 November 2013@06:40:38.
David Whitehead (another note) on 3 April 2014@05:57:11.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 1 June 2014@00:03:47.

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