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Headword: *peleia/des
Adler number: pi,941
Translated headword: doves
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] pigeons. Also [sc. attested is the variant] pe/leia, [also meaning a] dove.[1]
"Timorous doves attend upon the timorous, but we delight in fearless men."[2] An eagle says [this].
"I am frightened like the eye of a winged dove." Since the animal is quite fearful. [sc. Used here] periphrastically, like the dove.[3]
Greek Original:
*peleia/des: peristerai/. kai\ pe/leian, peristera/n. deilai/ toi deiloi=sin e)fedreu/ousi pe/leiai: a)/mmes d' a)tre/stois a)ndra/si terpo/meqa. fhsi\n a)eto/s. pthnh=s w(s o)/mma peleia/dos pefo/bhmai. e)pei\ peridee/s e)sti to\ zw=|on. perifrastikw=s, w(s h( pe/leia.
[1] = Synagoge, Photius pi550 Theodoridis; Hesychius pi1326. Taken to be from commentary on Homer, Iliad 11.634 (where the primary headword, nominative plural, occurs) and 22.140 (where the added accusative singular occurs).
[2] Greek Anthology 7.161.5-6 (Antipater of Sidon), a fanciful dialogue (with some Aeolic dialect features) between an onlooker and an eagle--perhaps not a living bird, but merely a tomb ornamentation--perched upon the sepulchre of Aristomenes; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 18) and (vol. II, 49-50). On Aristomenes, Messenian hero and Spartan nemesis (Second Messenian War, ca. 650 BCE), cf. gamma 397 n.1, tau 898, OCD(4) s.v.(1), and Pausanias Description of Greece 4.14.7 - 4.24.3 (web address 1).
[3] Sophocles, Ajax 139-40 (web address 2), with comments from the scholia.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; history; imagery; military affairs; poetry; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 18 September 2011@12:05:27.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (expanded note 2, added a keyword, set status) on 18 September 2011@17:14:02.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 19 September 2011@04:09:20.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; another keyword; tweaking) on 19 September 2013@05:49:35.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keywords) on 21 June 2021@18:49:09.
Ronald Allen (added link n.3) on 21 June 2021@19:35:42.


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