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Headword: Παιπάλη
Adler number: pi,886
Translated headword: flour
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] meal [made] from barleycorns or from millet.[1]
Aristophanes in Clouds [writes]: "you will become a castanet, meal."[2] Meaning rough, difficult to grasp; since we call παίπαλα ["steeps"] places that are difficult of access.
Greek Original:
Παιπάλη: ἄλευρον ἀπὸ κριθῶν ἢ ἀπὸ κέγχρου. Ἀριστοφάνης Νεφέλαις: γενήσῃ κρόταλον, παιπάλη. ἀντὶ τοῦ τραχύς, δυσκατάληπτος: ἐπεὶ παίπαλα καλοῦμεν τὰ τῶν χωρίων δύσβατα.
Notes:
[1] = Eudemus 170.15 Niese, Synagoge, Photius pi36 Theodoridis, and cf. Hesychius pi94; probably all deriving from commentary on Aristophanes, Clouds 260 and 262 (see n. 2 below). See also kappa 2389.
[2] Aristophanes, Clouds 260 (web address 1), with comments from the scholia. The commentator here seems to have misinterpreted the metaphorical meaning of the headword based on its resemblance to another word, παίπαλον, used of rocky places. In the context Socrates is speaking to Strepsiades and promising to make him a subtle speaker; hence the reference is to the clear sound of the castanet and the extreme fineness and subtlety of 'flour'. Other commentators and scholiasts either infer or report from other sources that παιπάλη is the finest of the flours, the implication being nearly the opposite to the interpretation of this commentator. The etymological relationship between παιπάλη and παίπαλον -- if any -- is unclear. For other entries dealing with words related to one or both, see pi 887 through pi 890.
Reference:
B. Niese, ed. (1922) "Excerpta ex Eudemi codice Parisino n. 2635,“ Ed. Philologus, suppl. 15
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; imagery; meter and music; poetry; rhetoric
Translated by: William Hutton on 4 September 2011@11:55:37.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link, set status) on 4 September 2011@22:36:21.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 September 2011@03:44:31.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 18 September 2013@09:34:17.

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