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Headword: Παυσανίας
Adler number: pi,820
Translated headword: Pausanias
Vetting Status: high
Son of Kleombrotos and Anchithea; king of the Spartans. After [sc. the battle of] Plataiai he dedicated a tripod to Apollo and wrote on it "Leader of the Greeks, since he destroyed the Persian army, Pausanias dedicated this monument to Phoebus [Apollo]."[1] Once he had begun to medize[2] he was taking bribes from Egyptians and Phoenicians in Byzantium and took to dressing and eating in the Persian way; and he wooed the daughter of Xerxes as the price for Greece. Summoned to judgement and convicted, he fled into a precinct of Athena; but his mother was the first to place a brick against the entrance, and then the rest [did the same];[3] and thus he died inside, but they threw his body into the Keadas -- this is a pit[4] -- and they deleted the inscription from the tripod and inscribed [instead] the [victorious] cities. It was also because of him that the Greeks abandoned [sc. Spartan leadership and turned] to the Athenians. But when Sparta had fallen ill, they set up a bronze statue of Pausanias and they were saved.[5]
Greek Original:
Παυσανίας, Κλεομβρότου καὶ Ἀγχιθέας, βασιλεὺς Λακεδαιμονίων: ὃς μετὰ Πλαταιὰς τρίποδα ἀναθεὶς τῷ Ἀπόλλωνι ἐπέγραψεν, Ἑλλήνων ἀρχηγός, ἐπεὶ στρατὸν ὤλεσε Μήδων, Παυσανίας Φοίβῳ μνῆμ' ἀνέθηκε τόδε. Μηδίζειν δὲ ἀρξάμενος ὑπὸ Αἰγυπτίων καὶ Φοινίκων ἐν τῷ Βυζαντίῳ ἐδορυφορεῖτο καὶ ἐσθῆτι καὶ τραπέζῃ ἐχρῆτο Μηδικῇ: ἐμνᾶτο δὲ τὴν Ξέρξου θυγατέρα ἐπὶ τῇ Ἑλλάδι. κληθεὶς δ' εἰς κρίσιν καὶ ἁλοὺς καταφεύγει ἐς τέμενος Ἀθηνᾶς. ἡ δὲ μήτηρ πλίνθον ἔθηκε πρώτη κατὰ τῆς εἰσόδου, εἶτα οἱ ἄλλοι: καὶ οὕτως ἔνδον ἀπέθανε, τὸ δὲ σῶμα εἰς τὸν Κεάδαν [βάραθρον δέ ἐστι τοῦτο] ἔρριψαν, καὶ τὸ ἐπίγραμμα ἐξεκόλαψαν ἐκ τοῦ τρίποδος καὶ τὰς πόλεις ἐπέγραψαν. οἱ δὲ Ἕλληνες καὶ δι' αὐτὸν πρὸς Ἀθηναίους ἀπέστησαν. νοσησάσης δὲ τῆς πόλεως, εἰκόνα ἔστησαν χαλκῆν Παυσανίου καὶ ἐσώθησαν.
C6/5 BCE; died c.470. See generally OCD4 Pausanias(1). The present entry's material comes, according to Adler, from an epitome of Herodotus; however, most of what it covers is dealt with, rather, in Thucydides 1.128-135; and see also n.3 below.
[1] Greek Anthology 6.197.
[2] See generally mu 882, and (re Pausanias) mu 886.
[3] This aspect of the story is not in Thucydides; see rather Diodorus Siculus 11.45.6-7, Cornelius Nepos 4.5.3, and Polyaenus 8.51. (Polyaenus names P.'s mother as Theano; the Suda has Anchithea [see above]; the correct version, preserved in an Aristophanic scholiast, is thought to be Alkathoa.)
[4] See beta 100, kappa 1161, kappa 1212.
[5] Two such statues, in fact; see Thucydides 1.134.4.
Keywords: art history; biography; clothing; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; poetry; religion; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 28 June 2001@05:11:27.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 11 May 2004@01:26:31.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 11 May 2004@03:57:41.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 5 August 2010@09:24:53.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 4 August 2011@04:25:06.
David Whitehead (expanded notes; another keyword) on 18 September 2013@05:58:00.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@04:27:20.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 4 January 2015@00:36:45.
David Whitehead (added another note) on 4 May 2015@06:18:14.


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