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Headword: Πάροχος
Adler number: pi,710
Translated headword: passenger
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] one who gets up into a chariot, [or] a [sc. horse-]team.
Groomsmen are also called parochoi from the [fact of their] riding [parocheisthai] with bridegrooms; for they used to transport brides on a chariot. Aristophanes in Birds [writes]: "golden-winged Eros with both parents living guided the stretched-back reins, groomsman of the marriage of Zeus."[1]
Greek Original:
Πάροχος: ὁ ἀναβαίνων εἰς τὸ ἅρμα, τὸ ζεῦγος. Πάροχοι λέγονται καὶ οἱ παράνυμφοι παρὰ τὸ παροχεῖσθαι τοῖς νυμφίοις: ἐπ' ὀχήματος γὰρ τὰς νύμφας ἦγον. Ἀριστοφάνης Ὄρνισιν: ὁ δ' ἀμφιθαλὴς Ἔρως χρυσόπτερος, ἡνίας εὔθυνε παλιντόνους, Ζηνὸς πάροχος γάμων.
Notes:
Translated with contributions from Andres Rodriguez Cumplido.
[1] From the exodos of Aristophanes, Birds 1737-1740 (web address 1), with comment from the scholia there. (Similar material in other lexica; references at Photius pi445 Theodoridis.) For ἀμφιθαλής see epsilon 3971 (as well as alpha 1728 and alpha 1729) and Dunbar's note on the present passage, where it might have a more general meaning (all-flourishing, all-powerful).
Reference:
Aristophanes, Birds, edited with introduction and commentary by Nan Dunbar (Oxford 1995)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; imagery; mythology; poetry; religion; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 22 August 2004@16:21:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (adjustments to tr; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 23 August 2004@03:09:59.
Catharine Roth (added cross-references) on 23 August 2004@22:49:37.
Catharine Roth on 23 August 2004@22:50:30.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 2 September 2011@05:17:35.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 2 September 2011@12:51:08.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 17 September 2013@06:17:35.

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