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Headword: *parepi/dhmos
Adler number: pi,562
Translated headword: sojourner, visitor
Vetting Status: high
"And our life [is] a sojourn [sc. in a strange place]."[1]
Greek Original:
*parepi/dhmos. kai\ o( bi/os h(mw=n parepidhmi/a.
The headword, here unglossed, is glossed by Hesychius s.v. with the noun paroikos; for this conjunction cf. pi 732 (end), an abridged quotation of Psalm 38.13 LXX (cf. Genesis 23.4). LSJ translates it as 'sojourning in a strange place, esp. as Subst.'; but the more mundane sense of foreign visitor as opposed to resident in conveyed in e.g. Aristophanes of Byzantium's definition of a metoikos ('for so many days he is called parepidemos and is free of tax...'); see D. Whitehead, The Ideology of the Athenian Metic (Cambridge 1977) 7-8.
[1] The quotation approximates Marcus Aurelius, Meditations 2.17.2, although the latter uses e)pidhmi/a, a stay in a strange place. Adler's critical apparatus also refers to Aeschines Socraticus, Axiochus fr.3 Dittmar; cf. alpha 2822. But in this work, Aeschines (alphaiota 346, cf. alphaiota 349) marshals a broadside assault upon the moral character of Alkibiades (alpha 1280), and the dialogue's few extant fragments appear unrelated to the present Suda passage. See rather a passage (quoted in Stobaeus) from the pseudo-Platonic dialogue of the same name, Axiochus 365B, where this image is already described as a cliche: parepidhmi/a ti/s e)stin o( bi/os, life is something of a sojourn [sc. in a strange place].
Keywords: biography; daily life; ethics; history; imagery; law; philosophy; politics; religion
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 3 January 2008@01:33:27.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked headword and tr; modified and augmented notes; modified keywords; cosmetics) on 3 January 2008@03:45:37.
David Whitehead on 15 September 2013@06:45:01.
David Whitehead (codings) on 22 May 2016@05:28:21.


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