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Headword: Πῦρ
Adler number: pi,3181
Translated headword: fire
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Note] that things that are nourished by nature and increase because of this have a limit of [their] increase, and their increase toward the [proper] measure is limited; but neither the nourishment nor the increase of fire is limited. Therefore fire is not nourished and increased in a similar manner to things endowed with life. But if [fire] is not [nourished and increased] similarly, then it would not be a cause of nourishment and increase for the things endowed with life, either. But such a movement of fire would be generation rather than increase or nourishment. This alone of the elements was thought to be nourished and to increase, because in the other [elements] the excess is clearly an addition. For when water is added to water, and earth to earth, thus an excess arises. But fire is in excess not when fire is added, but when heterogeneous matter [has been added], such as timbers or things of that sort; and when these things are changed by the force of fire into the same substance, thus the excess of fire arises.
Greek Original:
Πῦρ: ὅτι τὰ φύσει τρεφόμενα καὶ διὰ τοῦτο αὐξόμενα ὅρον ἔχει τῆς αὐξήσεως, καὶ ὥρισται αὐτῶν ἡ ἐπὶ τὸ μέτρον αὔξησις: τοῦ δὲ πυρὸς οὐχ ὥρισται οὔτε ἡ τροφὴ οὔτε ἡ αὔξησις. οὐκ ἄρα τὸ πῦρ ὁμοίως τοῖς ἐμψύχοις τρέφεται καὶ αὔξεται. εἰ δὲ μὴ ὁμοίως, οὐκ ἄρα οὐδὲ τοῖς ἐμψύχοις αἴτιον εἴη τῆς τροφῆς ἢ τῆς αὐξήσεως. ἡ δὲ τοιαύτη τοῦ πυρὸς κίνησις γένεσις ἂν μᾶλλον εἴη ἢ αὔξησις ἢ τροφή. ὑπενοήθη δὲ τοῦτο μόνον τῶν στοιχείων τρέφεσθαί τε καὶ αὔξεσθαι, διότι ἐπὶ μὲν τῶν ἄλλων ἐναργῶς ὁ πλεονασμὸς πρόθεσίς ἐστι: προστιθεμένου γὰρ ὕδατος ὕδατι καὶ γῆς γῇ, οὕτως γίνεται ὁ πλεονασμός. τὸ δὲ πῦρ πλεονάζει οὐ πυρὸς προστιθεμένου, ἀλλ' ἀνομοιοειδοῦς ὕλης, οἷον ξύλων ἢ τῶν τοιούτων, καὶ τούτων ὑπὸ τῆς τοῦ πυρὸς δυνάμεως μεταβληθέντων εἰς τὴν αὐτὴν οὐσίαν, οὕτως ὁ πλεονασμὸς τοῦ πυρὸς γίνεται.
Note:
This entry is taken from John Philoponus, On Aristotle's de anima 278.1-18. For this headword see also pi 3180.
Keywords: botany; definition; imagery; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 28 June 2004@20:52:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (adjustments to tr; x-ref and another keyword; cosmetics) on 29 June 2004@04:01:14.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 24 October 2013@03:51:26.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 4 August 2014@22:08:56.

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