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Headword: Πτῶκα
Adler number: pi,3045
Translated headword: cowering, cowerer
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] cowardly. Also [sc. attested is the plural] 'cowerers', [meaning] gazelles, or fawns of a deer, or hares.
Greek Original:
Πτῶκα: δειλόν. καὶ πτῶκας, δορκάδας, ἢ ἐλάφου νεβροὺς ἢ λαγῳούς.
Notes:
= Synagoge pi773, Photius pi1491 Theodoridis, and cf. Hesychius pi4263. The primary headword is the accusative singular of the noun/adjective πτώξ (which is given its own entry at pi 3048); the secondary headword is the accusative plural of the same noun.
Some or all of this entry probably derives from commentary on Homer, Iliad 22.310, where the primary headword occurs, but there are other attestations for which scholia and other commentary approximate its content, e.g. scholia to Aeschylus, Eumenides 326; Lexicon of the Poetry of Gregory of Nazianzus pi188 (in reference to PG 1282.6); Lexicon of the Orations of Gregory of Nazianzus pi183 (on Oration 43.12.2); scholia to Lycophron, Alexandra 930. Adler also cites Anecdota Graeca (Cramer) 2.482.34.
The cited accusative plural, too, is presumably extracted from somewhere; extant possibilities begin with Theocritus, Idylls 1.110.
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; imagery; poetry; religion; rhetoric; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 26 September 2013@01:10:56.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, status) on 26 September 2013@01:17:57.
David Whitehead (expanded note; another keyword; tweaking) on 26 September 2013@04:14:26.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 28 April 2015@23:53:00.

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